Mitsuru Honda

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BACKGROUND Only a few approved drugs are capable of alleviating the cognitive and behavioural symptoms of people living with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In recent years, however, the number of studies examining the clinical effects of herbal medicines on cognitive function in patients with AD has increased considerably. This study evaluated the long-term(More)
INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is widely known to cause dynamic changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF). In particular, secondary brain insults have been reported to decrease CBF. The purpose of this study was to clarify the cerebral circulation in different types of TBI. METHODS Sixty-nine patients with TBI were divided into four groups, the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to clarify the difference between cerebral blood flow (CBF) by perfusion computed tomography (CT) and that by xenon-enhanced CT (Xe-CT) through simultaneous measurement. METHODS Xenon-enhanced CT and perfusion CT were continually performed on 7 normal subjects. Ratios of CBF by perfusion CT (P-CBF) to CBF by Xe-CT(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is widely known to cause dynamic changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF). Ischemia is a common and deleterious secondary injury following TBI. Detecting early ischemia in TBI patients is important to prevent further advancement and deterioration of the brain tissue. The purpose of this study was to clarify the cerebral circulatory(More)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) causes dynamic changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF), and results in delayed ischemia due to vasospasm, and early perfusion deficits before delayed cerebral vasospasm (CVS). The present study examined the severity of cerebral circulatory disturbance during the early phase before delayed CVS and whether it can be used to predict(More)
AIM Cooling the pharynx and upper oesophagus would be more advantageous for rapid induction of therapeutic hypothermia since the carotid arteries run in their vicinity. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of pharyngeal cooling on brain temperature and the safety and feasibility for patients under resuscitation. METHODS Witnessed(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this work was to develop a method of transforming a xenon-enhanced CT (Xe-CT) image of the lung, so as to overlap well with its baseline CT image, and creating a subtraction image (enhanced image minus baseline image), and to demonstrate the possibility of evaluating pulmonary ventilation using the subtraction image. METHODS Eight(More)
The objective of this work is to propose a quantitative cerebral blood flow (CBF) calculation method for xenon CT (Xe-CT) by logically estimating the time course change rate (rate constant) of the arterial xenon concentration from that of end-tidal xenon concentration. A single factor, gamma (gamma), which is considered to reflect the diffusing capacity of(More)
AIMS Neurointensive care has reduced the mortality and improved the outcome of patients for severe brain damage, over recent decades, and made it possible to perform this therapy in safety. However, we have to understand the complications of this therapy well. The purpose of our study was to determine the systemic circulation disturbance during the(More)