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BACKGROUND Nonviral gene transfer generally suffers from short-term expression of transgenes. We have previously demonstrated that plasmids with reduced CpG content exhibited a more prolonged expression of murine interferon (IFN)-beta or IFN-gamma, which was effective in inhibiting metastatic tumor growth. A further extension of the duration of transgene(More)
We wished to clarify the relationship between the sensitivity to induce hepato-renal toxicity and the level of cadmium (Cd) in the organs of rats exposed to minimum to large amounts of cadmium chloride (CdCl2). For this purpose, groups of female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, each consisting of 24 animals, were fed diet containing CdCl2 at concentrations of 0,(More)
 Although an excess intake of fluoride has been reported to cause skeletal fluorosis, very little is known about the mechanism of adverse effects of fluoride on bone. In the present study cytotoxic effects of fluoride were studied using the osteosarcoma cell line, UMR 106. The DNA ladder formation upon agarose electrophoresis and terminal deoxynucleotidyl(More)
Since inhaled fluoride is implicated in the acute respiratory failure, cytotoxic effects of fluoride on alveolar macrophages, primary target cells of inhaled toxicants, were investigated. The LC50 of sodium fluoride was estimated to be 0.41 mM, while 1 mM sodium chloride, bromide and iodide had virtually no effects on the viability of alveolar macrophages.(More)
Inhalation exposure to fluoride compounds has been associated with respiratory failure. We have addressed effects of fluoride on alveolar macrophages and lung responses to intratracheally (i.t.) instilled fluoride in rats. I.t. instillation of fluoride at doses of 200 and 400 μg F/rat caused significant polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration in the(More)
Pregnant rats were given a small dose of 14C-2,4,5,2′,4′,5′-hexachloro-biphenyl (HCB) and 3H-DDT intraperitoneally. The transfer of HCB and DDT through the placenta and milk was then investigated. Transfer through the placenta was 2.7 and 1.5% (respectively) of the initial doses; transfer through milk was 39.2 and 21.5%. HCB is obviously more transferable(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrodynamic injection of pmCMV(enh) -hEF-1(prom) -muIFN-γ, a plasmid DNA (pDNA) expressing murine interferon (IFN)-γ with a murine cytomegalovirus (mCMV) enhancer and a human elongation factor (EF)-1 promoter, has been proven effective for the treatment of cancer and atopic dermatitis in mice. However, the initial peak of IFN-γ soon after(More)
HCB was detected in all preparations of human placenta, maternal blood, milk, and cord blood. It was confirmed that HCB transferred from mother to fetus through the placenta. A significant linear correlation exists between the HCB concentration in placenta and that in cord blood. Therefore, the placental concentration of HCB is an accurate indicator of HCB(More)
Gene delivery of mouse interferon (IFN) γ has been shown to inhibit metastatic tumor growth and onset of atopic dermatitis in mouse models. In this study, we tried to increase the circulation half-life of IFNγ after its gene delivery by designing a novel fusion protein of IFNγ with mouse serum albumin (MSA). Western blot analysis confirmed that IFNγ-MSA was(More)
Type II diabetes is one of the most problematic metabolic disorders and is associated with secondary conditions such as heart disease and eye complications. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a multifunctional cytokine, could influence conditions of altered glucose metabolism such as insulin resistance in diabetic patients. However, a consensus about the role of IL-6 on(More)