Mitsuru Ando

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BACKGROUND Nonviral gene transfer generally suffers from short-term expression of transgenes. We have previously demonstrated that plasmids with reduced CpG content exhibited a more prolonged expression of murine interferon (IFN)-beta or IFN-gamma, which was effective in inhibiting metastatic tumor growth. A further extension of the duration of transgene(More)
Inhalation exposure to fluoride compounds has been associated with respiratory failure. We have addressed effects of fluoride on alveolar macrophages and lung responses to intratracheally (i.t.) instilled fluoride in rats. I.t. instillation of fluoride at doses of 200 and 400 μg F/rat caused significant polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration in the(More)
 Although an excess intake of fluoride has been reported to cause skeletal fluorosis, very little is known about the mechanism of adverse effects of fluoride on bone. In the present study cytotoxic effects of fluoride were studied using the osteosarcoma cell line, UMR 106. The DNA ladder formation upon agarose electrophoresis and terminal deoxynucleotidyl(More)
Since inhaled fluoride is implicated in the acute respiratory failure, cytotoxic effects of fluoride on alveolar macrophages, primary target cells of inhaled toxicants, were investigated. The LC50 of sodium fluoride was estimated to be 0.41 mM, while 1 mM sodium chloride, bromide and iodide had virtually no effects on the viability of alveolar macrophages.(More)
Pregnant rats were given a small dose of 14C-2,4,5,2′,4′,5′-hexachloro-biphenyl (HCB) and 3H-DDT intraperitoneally. The transfer of HCB and DDT through the placenta and milk was then investigated. Transfer through the placenta was 2.7 and 1.5% (respectively) of the initial doses; transfer through milk was 39.2 and 21.5%. HCB is obviously more transferable(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrodynamic injection of pmCMV(enh) -hEF-1(prom) -muIFN-γ, a plasmid DNA (pDNA) expressing murine interferon (IFN)-γ with a murine cytomegalovirus (mCMV) enhancer and a human elongation factor (EF)-1 promoter, has been proven effective for the treatment of cancer and atopic dermatitis in mice. However, the initial peak of IFN-γ soon after(More)
——————————————— For correspondence: aToshikazu Watanabe, M.D., Saku Central Hospital, 197, Usuda, Usuda-machi, Minamisaku-gun, Nagano-ken 384-0301, Japan. bMatsumoto Dental College, Shiojiri, Japan; cJapan Institute of Rural Medicine, Usuda, Japan; dNational Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan; eNational Institute for Minamata Disease,(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) negatively affect the therapeutic effects of anticancer agents. To examine the role of TAMs in interferon (IFN)-γ gene therapy, we selected two types of solid tumors, which varied in the number of TAMs, and investigated the effects of IFN-γ gene transfer on tumor growth. Many TAMs were detected in the solid tumors of(More)
Gene delivery of mouse interferon (IFN) γ has been shown to inhibit metastatic tumor growth and onset of atopic dermatitis in mouse models. In this study, we tried to increase the circulation half-life of IFNγ after its gene delivery by designing a novel fusion protein of IFNγ with mouse serum albumin (MSA). Western blot analysis confirmed that IFNγ-MSA was(More)
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a leading cause of cirrhosis, liver failure, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Although the combination therapy employing pegylated interferon (IFN)-α and ribavirin is effective, this treatment is effective in only approximately 50% patients with genotype 1 HCV infection. IFN-γ is a potent anti-HCV agent that(More)