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Nanotechnology is a fundamental technology for designing and generating innovative carriers for biomacromolecular drugs. Biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid)-based nanoparticles (gamma-PGA NPs) are excellent vaccine carriers capable of delivering antigenic proteins to antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and eliciting potent immune responses based on(More)
Induction of an adaptive immune response by vaccination is possible for a broad range of infectious diseases or cancers. Antigen-loaded polymeric nanoparticles have recently been shown to possess significant potential as vaccine delivery systems and adjuvants. Here we demonstrate the use of nanoparticles composed of amphiphilic poly(amino acid) derivatives(More)
Novel adjuvants and antigen-delivery systems with immunomodulatory properties that shift the allergenic Th2 response towards a Th1 or regulatory T cell response are desired for allergen-specific immunotherapy. This study demonstrates that 200-nm sized biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs) are activators of human(More)
Nanoscopic therapeutic systems that incorporate biomacromolecules, such as protein and peptides, are emerging as the next generation of nanomedicine aimed at improving the therapeutic efficacy of biomacromolecular drugs. In this study, we report that poly(gamma-glutamic acid)-based nanoparticles (gamma-PGA NPs) are excellent protein delivery carriers for(More)
A novel amphoteric poly(amino acid) is synthesized by grafting a cationic amino acid (L-Arg) to γ-PGA to prepare charged NPs. γ-PGA-Arg NPs can be prepared by the self-complexation of a single polymer by intra-/inter-molecular electrostatic interactions when the polymer is dispersed in water. The size and surface charge of the NPs can be regulated by the(More)
We previously reported strong induction of ovalbumin (OVA)-specific tumor immunity in mice injected subcutaneously with OVA-entrapping nanoparticles comprising amphiphilic poly(γ-glutamic acid) (OVA/γ-PGA NPs). In the present study we investigated antitumor efficacy and associated immune responses in mice vaccinated with OVA/γ-PGA NPs via the nasal cavity.(More)
The mucoadhesion of polystyrene nanoparticles having surface hydrophilic polymeric chains in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract was investigated in rats. Radiolabeled nanoparticles were synthesized by adding hydrophobic 3-(trifluoromethyl)-3-(m-[125I]iodophenyl)diazirine in the final process of nanoparticle preparation. The radioiodonated diazirine seemed to(More)
Subcutaneous immunization with an influenza hemagglutinin (HA) vaccine can induce the production of virus-neutralizing antibodies, but not a cell-mediated immune response. Here we tested whether amphiphilic poly(gamma-glutamic acid)-graft-l-phenylalanine copolymers (gamma-PGA-NPs), which are derived from a bacterial capsular exopolymer produced by certain(More)
Nanoparticles are considered to be efficient tools for inducing potent immune responses by an Ag carrier. In this study, we examined the effect of Ag-carrying biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs) on the induction of immune responses in mice. The NPs were efficiently taken up by dendritic cells (DCs) and subsequently(More)