The mainstream of recent anti-AIDS vaccines is a prime/boost approach with multiple doses of the target DNA of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and recombinant viral vectors. In this study, we have attempted to construct an efficient protein-based vaccine using biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs), which are… (More)
Partially 2,3-O-methylated amyloses efficiently form inclusion complexes with polytetrahydrofuran and poly(epsilon-caprolactone) by simply mixing them in DMSO-H(2)O (1 : 9) solution, in contrast to the case of the parent amylose in which the corresponding inclusion complexes are only slightly formed.
Enzymes efficiently synthesize biopolymers by organizing monomer units within regularly structured molecular-scale spaces and exploiting weak non-covalent interactions, such as hydrogen bonds, to control the polymerization process. This 'template' approach is both attractive and challenging for synthetic polymer synthesis, where structurally regulated… (More)
Some psychiatric diseases in children and young adults are thought to originate from adverse exposures during foetal life, including hypoxia and hypoxia/reoxygenation. The mechanism is not understood. Several authors have emphasised that the placenta is likely to play an important role as the key interface between mother and foetus. Here we have explored… (More)
We developed a novel technology for core-corona polymeric nanoparticles having hydrophilic polymer chains with functional groups. Polystyrene nanoparticles immobilized with the mannose-specific lectin concanavalin A could efficiently capture human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) particles and gp120 antigens on their surface. Since the… (More)
Development of safe and effective vaccines is important for controlling a variety of infectious diseases, including retro-viral infections. The induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) is a promising strategy for elimination of infected cells. Polyion complex (PIC) nanoparticles have been created using anionic biodegradable poly(g-glutamic acid) (g-PGA)… (More)
BACKGROUND Emulsions stabilized by colloidal particles are known as Pickering emulsions. To date, soft microgel particles as well as inorganic and organic particles have been utilized as Pickering emulsifiers. Although cyclodextrin (CD) works as an attractive emulsion stabilizer through the formation of a CD-oil complex at the oil-water interface, a high… (More)
Broadband phase-sensitive vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy was utilized to study the molecular orientation of molecules adsorbed on dielectric solid substrates. A gold thin film was employed to generate a SFG signal as a local oscillator (LO). To simplify the phase measurement, a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of… (More)