Mitsuru Akashi

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The mainstream of recent anti-AIDS vaccines is a prime/boost approach with multiple doses of the target DNA of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and recombinant viral vectors. In this study, we have attempted to construct an efficient protein-based vaccine using biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs), which are(More)
Some psychiatric diseases in children and young adults are thought to originate from adverse exposures during foetal life, including hypoxia and hypoxia/reoxygenation. The mechanism is not understood. Several authors have emphasised that the placenta is likely to play an important role as the key interface between mother and foetus. Here we have explored(More)
Enzymes efficiently synthesize biopolymers by organizing monomer units within regularly structured molecular-scale spaces and exploiting weak non-covalent interactions, such as hydrogen bonds, to control the polymerization process. This 'template' approach is both attractive and challenging for synthetic polymer synthesis, where structurally regulated(More)
We developed a novel technology for core-corona polymeric nanoparticles having hydrophilic polymer chains with functional groups. Polystyrene nanoparticles immobilized with the mannose-specific lectin concanavalin A could efficiently capture human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) particles and gp120 antigens on their surface. Since the(More)
Development of safe and effective vaccines is important for controlling a variety of infectious diseases, including retro-viral infections. The induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) is a promising strategy for elimination of infected cells. Polyion complex (PIC) nanoparticles have been created using anionic biodegradable poly(g-glutamic acid) (g-PGA)(More)
BACKGROUND Emulsions stabilized by colloidal particles are known as Pickering emulsions. To date, soft microgel particles as well as inorganic and organic particles have been utilized as Pickering emulsifiers. Although cyclodextrin (CD) works as an attractive emulsion stabilizer through the formation of a CD-oil complex at the oil-water interface, a high(More)
Hydroxyapatite (HA) or calcium carbonate (CaCO3) formed on an organic polymer of agarose gel is a biomaterial that can be used for bone tissue regeneration. However, in critical bone defects, the regeneration capability of these materials is limited. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that can differentiate into bone forming osteoblasts. In(More)