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BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL)-6 are important risk factors for atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. In the present study, we examined serum levels of CRP and IL-6, IL-6 production by monocytes, and the effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (More)
We recently observed that ANG II receptor blocker therapy improved the overproduction of triglyceride (TG) in fructose-fed rats and Zucker fatty rats with insulin resistance, which in turn suggests that ANG II may stimulate TG production. Accordingly, we investigated the effects of ANG II on TG production and the association with insulin resistance in(More)
Chemokines play an essential role in the progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the present study we examined the expression and regulatory mechanisms of IFN-gamma inducible protein (IP)-10 in RA synovitis. RA synovial fluid contained greater amounts of IP-10 than did synovial fluid from patients with osteoarthritis. Immunolocalization analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Osteopontin (OPN) contributes to the development of T helper 1 (Th1)-mediated immunity and Th1-associated diseases. However, the role of OPN in bronchial asthma is unclear. Corticosteroids reduce airway inflammation, as reflected by the low eosinophil and T-cell counts, and the low level of cytokine expression. We investigated OPN production and(More)
Tumor cells that have acquired resistance to gefitinib through continuous drug administration may complicate future treatment. To investigate the mechanisms of acquired resistance, we established PC-9/ZD2001, a non-small-cell lung cancer cell line resistant to gefitinib, by continuous exposure of the parental cell line PC-9 to gefitinib. After 6 months of(More)
BACKGROUND This study assessed the long-term safety and efficacy of tiotropium Respimat, a long-acting inhaled anticholinergic bronchodilator, in asthma, added on to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) with or without long-acting β2-agonist (LABA). METHODS 285 patients with symptomatic asthma, despite treatment with ICS±LABA, were randomised 2:2:1 to once-daily(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine how Japanese patients with lung cancer weigh the chance of cure and potential survival against the potential toxicity of different treatment strategies for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS We used a questionnaire describing a hypothetical situation involving locally advanced NSCLC. Seventy-three patients(More)
PURPOSE We examined the safety and efficacy of the combination of S-1 and biweekly docetaxel in patients with previously treated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS Patients with previously treated advanced NSCLC were eligible if they had a performance status of 2 or less, were 80 years or younger, and had adequate organ function.(More)
Japanese cedar pollen is the most common causative allergen for seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR) in Japan. More commonly known as Japanese cedar pollinosis, it occurs in spring causing the typical symptoms of seasonal AR, such as sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, nasal itching, and itching of the eyes. Previous reports indicate that the prevalence of(More)