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BACKGROUND C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL)-6 are important risk factors for atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. In the present study, we examined serum levels of CRP and IL-6, IL-6 production by monocytes, and the effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (More)
Increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and increased serum levels of inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-18, are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether carotid IMT, a useful marker for early atherosclerosis, is(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In the present study, we examined TNF-alpha production by monocytes, serum levels of TNF-alpha, and the effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). DESIGN Prospective(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite high smoking rates, few prevalence studies of COPD have been performed in Asia. The Nippon COPD Epidemiology (NICE) Study used spirometry to measure prevalence of airflow limitation in Japanese adults. METHODOLOGY Clinical, spirometric, and risk factor exposure data were collected on 2343 subjects aged > or = 40 years who were(More)
Bronchial asthma is a common inflammatory disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Through a genome-wide association study and a replication study consisting of a total of 7,171 individuals with adult asthma (cases) and 27,912 controls in the Japanese population, we identified five loci associated with susceptibility to adult(More)
BACKGROUND IL-17F is a recently discovered cytokine that plays a role in tissue inflammation by inducing release of proinflammatory and neutrophil-mobilizing cytokines. Upregulated IL17F gene expression has been observed at sites of allergen challenge in the airways of patients with asthma, suggesting that IL-17F is involved in the pathophysiology of(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)-17F is a recently discovered cytokine and is derived from a panel of limited cell types, such as activated CD4+ T cells, basophils, and mast cells. IL-17F is known to induce several cytokines and chemokines. However, its involvement in airway inflammation has not been well understood. To this end, the expression of IL-17F and the(More)
We recently observed that ANG II receptor blocker therapy improved the overproduction of triglyceride (TG) in fructose-fed rats and Zucker fatty rats with insulin resistance, which in turn suggests that ANG II may stimulate TG production. Accordingly, we investigated the effects of ANG II on TG production and the association with insulin resistance in(More)
BACKGROUND Salmeterol/fluticasone combination (SFC) therapy is used to control inflammation in the distal airway of patients with well-controlled asthma, but the efficacy of this approach is unclear. OBJECTIVES The goal of the study was to evaluate the effect of pranlukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA), on distal airway inflammation and(More)
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the digestive organs, most commonly of the stomach and the duodenum. Symptoms of EGE are nonspecific and include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dyspepsia, malabsorption, ascites and weight loss. The various symptoms of EGE depend on its location and the depth of(More)