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OBJECTIVE Diabetes remains a major risk factor for vascular complications that seem to persist even after achieving glycemic control, possibly due to "metabolic memory." Using cultured vascular(More)
Glomerular hypertrophy is a hallmark of diabetic nephropathy. Akt kinase activated by transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β) plays an important role in glomerular mesangial hypertrophy. However, the(More)