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BACKGROUND The effects of inhalational anesthetics on the hypoxic ventilatory response are complex. This study was designed to determine the contribution of peripheral chemoreception to the depression of hypoxic ventilatory response seen with halothane anesthesia. METHODS Cats were anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium and alpha-chloralose and(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a 34-kD protein with multiple biological properties. Recent clinical and preclinical observations implicate a role for apoE in modifying the response of the brain to focal and global ischemia. One mechanism by which apoE might exert these effects is by reducing glutamate-induced excitotoxic neuronal injury associated with ischemic(More)
The mechanism of gastric mucosal protection by an antiulcer agent, geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), against ethanol-induced injury was investigated. The experiments were conducted with groups of rats with and without intraperitoneal indomethacin pretreatment. Animals received intragastrically either a dose of GGA (200 mg/kg) or a vehicle, followed 30 min later(More)
BACKGROUND Volatile anesthetics are known to ameliorate experimental ischemic brain injury. A possible mechanism is inhibition of excitotoxic cascades induced by excessive glutamatergic stimulation. This study examined interactions between volatile anesthetics and excitotoxic stress. METHODS Primary cortical neuronal-glial cultures were exposed to(More)
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) deficiency has been shown to adversely affect outcome after transient cerebral ischemia and head trauma. Since oxidative stress contributes to these injuries, the ability of ApoE to reduce irreversible oxidative damage was studied in primary mixed neuronal-glial cell cultures. Cells (13-16 days in vitro) were exposed to 50 microM(More)
BACKGROUND Volatile anesthetics decrease ischemic brain injury. Mechanisms for this protection remain under investigation. The authors hypothesized that volatile anesthetics serve as antioxidants in a neuronal-glial cell culture system. METHODS Primary cortical neuronal-glial cultures were prepared from fetal rat brain. Cultures were exposed to iron,(More)
We report detailed current-voltage and current-time measurements to reveal the forming and switching behaviors of Cu/Ta(2)O(5)/Pt nonvolatile resistive memory devices. The devices can be initially SET (from the OFF state to the ON state) when a low positive bias voltage is applied to the Cu electrode. This first SET operation corresponds to the first(More)
The lipid content and composition of parotid and submandibular saliva from caries-resistant (DMFS of 0) and caries-susceptible (DMFS greater than 15) adults was investigated. Lipids were extracted from dialysed and lyophilized saliva, collected from 10 subjects in each group, and fractionated into neutral lipids, glycolipids and phospholipids. The lipids in(More)