Mitsunori Hayashi

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The maize Hm1 gene encoding the NADPH-dependent HC-toxin reductase is capable of detoxifying HC-toxin of fungus Cochliobolus carbonum. Here, we conducted the metabolic and biochemical analysis in transgenic rice plants overexpressing an HC-toxin reductase-like gene in rice (YK1 gene). Methods employing NADPH oxidation and capillary electrophoresis mass(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Previous studies have shown that transgenic rice plants overexpressing YK1, which possesses dihydroflavonol-4-reductase (DFR) activity, showed biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. High throughput profiles of metabolites have also been shown in such transgenic plants by Fourier transform ion cyclotron mass spectrometry. In this study,(More)
For the production of a herbicide, 5-amino-levulinic acid (ALA), from anaerobic digestion liquor, the utilization of the photosynthetic bacterium, Rhodobacter sphaeroides was examined. This bacterium could produce ALA extracelularly from this liquor with the addition of levulinic acid (LA), an inhibitor of ALA dehydratase (ALAD), and glycine, a precursor of(More)
Clostridium botulinum types C and D cause animal botulism by the production of serotype-specific or mosaic botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT). The D/C mosaic BoNT (BoNT/DC), which is produced by the isolate from bovine botulism in Japan, exhibits the highest toxicity to mice among all BoNTs. In contrast, rats appeared to be very resistant to BoNT/DC in type C and(More)
Maize Hm1 gene encodes a NAD(P)H-dependent HC-toxin reductase, which detoxify HC-toxin produced by fungus Cochliobolus carbonum (Meeley and Walton 1991 Plant Phys 97: 1080). Measurements of ion leakage indicated that H2O2 treatment of a recessive mutant (hm1) of maize resulted in accelerated death in excised leaves. Furthermore, an hm1 maize showed(More)
In the course of biosynthesis of cobamides and their related compounds, a variety of intermediates can be found in addition to the final products. For the isolation, identification, and characterization of these substances, column chromatography, paper electrophoresis and physicochemical procedures such as ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometry have been(More)
Twenty bacterial strains isolated from edible radish seedlings (Kaiware-daikon : Raphunus sativus L.) and broccoli plants (Brassica oleracea var. italica Plen.) showing soft rot were compared on the basis of pathogenicity and physiological, biochemical and serological properties. Ten strains isolated from each host were homogeneous and they were identical(More)
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