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Microsurgery for lumbar disc herniation that requires surgical intervention has been well described. The methods vary from traditional open discectomy to minimally invasive techniques. All need adequate preanesthetic preparation of patients as general anesthesia is required for the procedure, and nerve monitoring is necessary to prevent iatrogenic nerve(More)
High-intensity zone (HIZ) was originally described as a high-intensity signal on T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images, located in the posterior annulus fibrosus, clearly separated from the nucleus pulposus. Among symptomatic patients with low back pain, HIZ is present in 28-59% of cases. In morphologically abnormal discs, high sensitivity and(More)
Lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration (LDD) is known to be associated with low back pain (LBP) and leads to degenerative lumbar disease. LDD is considered to be irreversible, and no truly effective treatment that suppresses LDD or regenerates the degenerated disc has been established thus far. Here, we report the case of a 42-year-old woman with a 10-year(More)
STUDY DESIGN Using fresh cadavers, real-time dosimeters were used to estimate the radiation exposure dose from C-arm fluoroscopy to surgeons, medical staff, and patients during various procedures. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiation exposure dose from C-arm fluoroscopy, which is used to generate real-time images of the human(More)
The management of cuff tear arthropathy (CTA) has always been a challenge for shoulder surgeons. Introduction of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) helped in providing pain relief and improved shoulder function in patients with CTA. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the short-term clinical results and some clinical details regarding the types of(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed at analysing the relationship between the pleural lavage cytology (PLC) status and clinicopathological characteristics, including the outcome of examined patients and tumour recurrence sites in surgically resected stage I non-small-cell lung carcinoma. METHODS From April 2002 to August 2012, PLC was performed immediately after(More)
Application of deformity correction spinal surgery has increased substantially over the past three decades in parallel with improvements in surgical techniques. Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IOM) techniques,including somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs), muscle evoked potentials (MEPs), and spontaneous electromyography (free-run EMG), have also improved(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Percutaneous endoscopic discectomy (PED) is a minimally invasive procedure for the surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). It can be performed under local anesthesia and requires a skin incision of only 8 mm, with minimal disruption of the spinal structures including ligaments and muscles. However, performing PED with a(More)
Athletes sometimes experience overuse injuries. To diagnose these injuries, ultrasonography is often more useful than plain radiography, computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Ultrasonography can show both bone and soft tissue from various angles as needed, providing great detail in many cases. In conditions such as osteochondrosis(More)
Background Symptoms of primary bone and soft tissue tumors located in the trunk mimic those of degenerative spinal disorders such as low back pain or pain or numbness of the legs. Due to their rarity, especially in sarcoma located in the trunk, diagnosis is sometimes delayed. Methods A retrospective review was performed of the records of 383 patients with(More)