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Caldesmon, which plays a vital role in the actomyosin system, is distributed in smooth muscle and non-muscle cells, and its isoformal interconversion between a high M(r) form and low M(r) form is a favorable molecular event for studying phenotypic modulation of smooth muscle cells. Genomic analysis reveals two promoters, of which the gizzard-type promoter(More)
The extract of the roots of Euphorbia kansui, which has been widely used in Chinese folk medicine for the treatment of cancer, demonstrated antileukemic activity against the P-388 lymphocytic leukemia in mice. Bioassay-directed fractionation of the active extract led to the isolation and characterization of two novel antileukemic diterpene esters,(More)
Three neolignans, known as magnolol [1], honokiol [2] and the new monoterpenylmagnolol [3], were isolated from the bark of Magnolia officinalis as inhibitors of Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). The structure of 3 was determined from 2D nmr spectral data and difference nOe(More)
Bioassay-directed isolation of the antitumor extract of Wikstroemia indica (Thymelaeaceae) has led to the characterization of tricin, kaempferol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and (+)-nortrachelogenin as the major antileukemic constituents. In addition, daphnoretin was identified as the potent antitumor principle in vivo against the Ehrlich ascites carcinoma(More)
Several derivatives of podophyllotoxin with modifications at the C-4 position of ring C, in addition to demethylation at the C-4' position of ring E, were examined for inhibitory activity against DNA topoisomerase II and tubulin polymerization, generation of protein-linked DNA breaks, and cytotoxicity against KB cells and VP-16-resistant KB variants.(More)
A series of analogues of etoposide, the C-4 amino- and alkylamino-substituted 4'-demethyl-epipodophyllotoxins, have been synthesized and studied for their activity to inhibit type II human DNA topoisomerase as well as their activity in causing cellular protein-linked DNA breakage. Substitution of the glycosidic moiety of 1 by a 2"-hydroxyethylamino or(More)
Caldesmon (CaD) is a suitable molecular marker for phenotypic modulation of smooth muscle cells. Chicken CaD gene is composed of 17 exons with a whole length of 100-150 kilobases (kb). Exons 1a-1, 1a-2, and 1a-3 encode the 5'-terminal sequence specific to mRNA for gizzard type CaD, and exon 1b encodes the sequence specific to brain type CaD mRNA. Here, we(More)
In order to develop an e-learning system that promotes self-learning, lectures and basic operations in laboratory practice of chemistry were recorded and edited on DVD media, consisting of 8 streaming videos as learning materials. Twenty-six students wanted to watch the DVD, and answered the following questions after they had watched it: "Do you think the(More)
A principal mechanism of action of the clinical antitumor drugs etoposide (1) and teniposide (2) is the inhibition of catalytic activity of type II DNA topoisomerase and concurrent enzyme-mediated production of lethal DNA strand breaks. Substitution of the glycosidic moiety of 1 or 2 by ester and ethers, as well as the esterification and etherification of(More)