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Marek's disease herpesvirus is a vaccine vector of great promise for chickens; however, complete protection against foreign infectious diseases has not been achieved. In this study, two herpesvirus of turkey recombinants (rHVTs) expressing large amounts of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) VP2 antigen under the control of a human cytomegalovirus (CMV)(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate acoustic noise in echo planar imaging (EPI) at various magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) centers and to compare EPI acoustic noise with that in other fast pulse sequences. We measured A-weighted root-mean-square sound pressure levels and peak impulse sound pressure levels for EPI, under the same conditions, in eleven(More)
The complete RNA genome of the avian nephritis virus (ANV) associated with acute nephritis in chickens has been molecularly cloned and sequenced. Excluding the poly(A) tail, the genome comprises 6,927 nucleotides and contains three sequential open reading frames (ORFs). The first ORF (ORF 1a) contains a sequence encoding a serine protease motif, and the(More)
Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of water-selective transporting proteins with homology to the major intrinsic protein (MIP) of lens [Cell 39 (1984) 49], that increase plasma membrane water permeability in secretory and absorptive cells. In the central nervous system (CNS), we detected the transcripts of AQP3, 5 and 8 in addition to the previously reported(More)
Typically highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses spread very rapidly among chickens within sheds. However, the spread was slower than expected for the initial 10 days of the index farm in Japan during 2004. This slow spread, as well as the lack of gross lesions, clinical signs, or high mortality, hindered the field veterinarian from reporting a(More)
Lacunar-type stroke accounts for approximately a quarter of all ischemic strokes, and is the most common cause of vascular dementia. Despite its importance, there are few specific treatments for lacunar stroke, probably due largely to a lack of animal models. In this study, we developed a stroke model in a higher primate, the Macaque monkey. This was(More)
To investigate cerebral reactions to cognitive rehabilitation tasks, oxyhemoglobin changes were compared in 9 patients with cognitive impairments after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and 47 healthy controls using functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) during nine cognitive rehabilitation tasks employed at Nagoya City Rehabilitation Center. Forty-seven(More)
Characteristics of the acoustic noise generated by magnetic resonance imagers of different systems and performance levels were studied when operating in echo-planar imaging (EPI) sequence. Continuous equivalent A-weighted sound pressure levels (Leq) and peak impulse sound pressure levels (Lpeak) during EPI were measured in 12 clinical super-conducting MRI(More)
The mortality and pathology caused by serotype 4 adenovirus, isolated from chickens with hydropericardium syndrome (HPS) in Japan, was investigated in specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chickens. One-day-old to 15-mo-old SPF chickens were inoculated intramuscularly, orally, and intranasally with liver homogenates from HPS chickens or isolated serotype 4(More)
The pathogenicities of inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) and hydropericardium syndrome (HPS) strains of adenovirus for specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicks were compared. One-day-old SPF chicks inoculated intramuscularly with the DPI-2 (serotype 2), S-PL1 (serotype 2), TR630 (serotype 8), and Saga97 (serotype 8) strains from IBH and with the LVP-1 strain(More)