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The complete RNA genome of the avian nephritis virus (ANV) associated with acute nephritis in chickens has been molecularly cloned and sequenced. Excluding the poly(A) tail, the genome comprises 6,927 nucleotides and contains three sequential open reading frames (ORFs). The first ORF (ORF 1a) contains a sequence encoding a serine protease motif, and the(More)
Marek's disease herpesvirus is a vaccine vector of great promise for chickens; however, complete protection against foreign infectious diseases has not been achieved. In this study, two herpesvirus of turkey recombinants (rHVTs) expressing large amounts of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) VP2 antigen under the control of a human cytomegalovirus (CMV)(More)
Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of water-selective transporting proteins with homology to the major intrinsic protein (MIP) of lens [Cell 39 (1984) 49], that increase plasma membrane water permeability in secretory and absorptive cells. In the central nervous system (CNS), we detected the transcripts of AQP3, 5 and 8 in addition to the previously reported(More)
We encountered a case with long-term remission of Cushing's disease due to pituitary apoplexy. The apoplexy of pituitary adenoma secreting adrenocorticotropin hormone was diagnosed by successive and timely magnetic resonance imaging when the symptoms of the patient were not yet severe and anterior pituitary dysfunction was only a transient reduction of(More)
The mortality and pathology caused by serotype 4 adenovirus, isolated from chickens with hydropericardium syndrome (HPS) in Japan, was investigated in specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chickens. One-day-old to 15-mo-old SPF chickens were inoculated intramuscularly, orally, and intranasally with liver homogenates from HPS chickens or isolated serotype 4(More)
In 1997 and 1998, H9N2 influenza A viruses were isolated from the respiratory organs of Indian ring-necked parakeets (Psittacula Krameri manillensis) that had been imported from Pakistan to Japan. The two isolates were closely related to each other (>99% as determined by nucleotide analysis of eight RNA segments), indicating that H9N2 viruses of the same(More)
Typically highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses spread very rapidly among chickens within sheds. However, the spread was slower than expected for the initial 10 days of the index farm in Japan during 2004. This slow spread, as well as the lack of gross lesions, clinical signs, or high mortality, hindered the field veterinarian from reporting a(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate acoustic noise in echo planar imaging (EPI) at various magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) centers and to compare EPI acoustic noise with that in other fast pulse sequences. We measured A-weighted root-mean-square sound pressure levels and peak impulse sound pressure levels for EPI, under the same conditions, in eleven(More)
Characteristics of the acoustic noise generated by magnetic resonance imagers of different systems and performance levels were studied when operating in echo-planar imaging (EPI) sequence. Continuous equivalent A-weighted sound pressure levels (Leq) and peak impulse sound pressure levels (Lpeak) during EPI were measured in 12 clinical super-conducting MRI(More)
 We treated 9 patients with the dural arteriovenous fistula involving the cavernous sinus by transvenous embolization. Two patients experienced deterioration of oculo-motor dysfunction after transvenous embolization. We can speculate about two different kind of causes by which patients symptoms deteriorated according to the result of intrasinus pressure(More)