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The purpose of this study was to evaluate acoustic noise in echo planar imaging (EPI) at various magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) centers and to compare EPI acoustic noise with that in other fast pulse sequences. We measured A-weighted root-mean-square sound pressure levels and peak impulse sound pressure levels for EPI, under the same conditions, in eleven(More)
Lacunar-type stroke accounts for approximately a quarter of all ischemic strokes, and is the most common cause of vascular dementia. Despite its importance, there are few specific treatments for lacunar stroke, probably due largely to a lack of animal models. In this study, we developed a stroke model in a higher primate, the Macaque monkey. This was(More)
Characteristics of the acoustic noise generated by magnetic resonance imagers of different systems and performance levels were studied when operating in echo-planar imaging (EPI) sequence. Continuous equivalent A-weighted sound pressure levels (Leq) and peak impulse sound pressure levels (Lpeak) during EPI were measured in 12 clinical super-conducting MRI(More)
P2X7 receptor is a member of the P2X family of ATP-gated ion channels. The cellular localization of P2X7 receptors in the central nervous system remains controversial because immunohistochemical staining patterns are inconsistent among antibodies. Here we examined the precise distribution of P2X7 mRNAs in the rat brain using isotopic in situ hybridization.(More)
In this study, diffusion tensor MRI was used to examine the restoration of the cerebral white matter of macaque monkeys after unilateral cerebral multiple microinfarctions. Post-stroke, the monkeys showed deficits in several neurological functions, including motor functions, but most of the deficits resolved within 6 weeks. Very interestingly, the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent inducer of angiogenesis and vascular permeability in diverse physiological and pathological conditions, may be involved in the pathophysiology of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). The present study investigated the source and mechanisms for the induction of VEGF in CSDH by measuring the concentration of(More)
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a treatable cause of dementia, gait disturbance, and urinary incontinence in elderly patients with ventriculomegaly. Its unique morphological feature, called disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid-space hydrocephalus (DESH), may also be a diagnostic feature. Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase(More)
OBJECT Chronic subdural hematomas (CSDHs) recur in 7 to 18% of cases. The present study was conducted to determine whether serum or lesion concentrations of coagulofibrinolytic and angiogenic factors, which have been reported to be potential markers of CSDH development, might predict such recurrences. METHODS Sixty consecutive patients (mean age 71.5(More)
Myelencephalon-specific protease (MSP) is one of the serine proteases and is expressed in the central nervous system of rats. Its function and alternation in brain injury have not yet been clarified. In this study, we investigated the expression of MSP after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) using in situ hybridization and(More)
We investigated expression of hsp70 and c-jun mRNA with in situ hybridization for evaluating hypothermia effect on the brain exposed to subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). SAH was induced in Wistar rats with endovascular perforation. Animals were divided arbitrarily into normothermic and hypothermic groups, and they were sacrificed at 3 h or 12 h after SAH. The(More)