Mitsuhisa Koga

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A role of interferon-gamma is suggested in early development of atherosclerosis. However, the role of interferon-gamma in progression and destabilization of advanced atherosclerotic plaques remains unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether postnatal inhibition of interferon-gamma signaling could inhibit progression of atherosclerotic(More)
BACKGROUND Increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in the plasma and brain is associated with blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption through proteolytic activity in neuroinflammatory diseases. MMP-9 is present in the brain microvasculature and its vicinity, where brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs), pericytes and astrocytes constitute the BBB.(More)
Cyclophilin A (CypA), a member of the immunophilin family, is a ubiquitously distributed intracellular protein. Recent studies have shown that CypA is secreted by cells in response to inflammatory stimuli. Elevated levels of extracellular CypA and its receptor, CD147 have been detected in the synovium of patients with RA. However, the precise process of(More)
Olanzapine is known to be advantageous with respect to outcome and drug compliance in patients with schizophrenia. However, olanzapine has adverse effects, including a higher incidence of weight gain and metabolic disturbances, when compared with those of other antipsychotic agents. The mechanisms underlying these adverse events remain obscure. Female rats(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is implicated in the proinflammatory process in various disease situations. Thus, we sought to determine the role of Ang II in early inflammation-induced fibrosis of pressure-overloaded (PO) hearts. PO was induced by suprarenal aortic constriction (AC) at day 0 in male Wistar rats, and they were orally administered 0.1 mg/kg per day(More)
It is unknown whether interferon-gamma has a positive or negative impact on atherosclerotic plaque formation. Thus, we examined the effects of postnatal interferon-gamma function blocking on plaque formation in apolipoprotein E-knockout (apoEKO) mice by overexpressing a soluble mutant of interferon-gamma receptor (sIFNgammaR), an interferon-gamma inhibitory(More)
Pronounced variability in blood pressure (BP) is an aggravating factor of hypertensive end-organ damage. However, its pathogenesis remains unknown. Statins have various protective effects on the cardiovascular system. Thus, we determined whether simvastatin would attenuate the aggravation of hypertensive cardiac remodeling in a rat model of hypertension(More)
Recently, we have shown that in rats with a suprarenal abdominal aortic constriction (AC), pressure overload induces early perivascular fibro-inflammatory changes (transforming growth factor [TGF]-beta induction and fibroblast proliferation) within the first week after AC and then causes the development of cardiac remodeling (myocyte hypertrophy and(More)
Hypertensive patients with large blood pressure variability (BPV) have aggravated end-organ damage. However, the pathogenesis remains unknown. We investigated whether exaggerated BPV aggravates hypertensive cardiac remodeling and function by activating inflammation and angiotensin II-mediated mechanisms. A model of exaggerated BPV superimposed on chronic(More)
It is still controversial whether intrinsic interferon (IFN)-gamma promotes or attenuates vascular remodeling in hyperproliferative vascular disorders, such as neointima formation after balloon injury. Thus, we investigated whether inhibition of intrinsic IFN-gamma function prevents neointima formation. For this purpose, naked DNA plasmid encoding a soluble(More)