Mitsuhiro Yokoyama

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BACKGROUND Epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests that an increased intake of long-chain n-3 fatty acids protects against mortality from coronary artery disease. We aimed to test the hypothesis that long-term use of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is effective for prevention of major coronary events in hypercholesterolaemic patients in Japan who consume(More)
Muscle cells respond to mechanical stretch stimuli by triggering downstream signals for myocyte growth and survival. The molecular components of the muscle stretch sensor are unknown, and their role in muscle disease is unclear. Here, we present biophysical/biochemical studies in muscle LIM protein (MLP) deficient cardiac muscle that support a selective(More)
AIMS Since the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) cannot detect neointimal layers in the majority of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) at the chronic phase, it is still controversial to what extent SES remain uncovered. However, optical coherence tomography (OCT) with excellent resolution may be able to detect thinner neointima. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial lipase (EL) is a major determinant of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) metabolism and promotes monocytes recruitment. The local expression of EL could influence atherogenesis directly, in addition to its systemic role in HDL metabolism. The EL gene has a common 584C/T polymorphism, but it is unclear whether this(More)
BACKGROUND Urocortin, a neuropeptide discovered in the midbrain, is a member of the corticotropin-releasing factor family and is expressed in heart tissues. Urocortin exerts potent cardioprotective effects under various pathological conditions including ischemia/reperfusion. However, the regulation and function of vascular urocortin are unknown. METHODS(More)
Endothelial dysfunction in vascular disease states is associated with reduced NO bioactivity and increased superoxide (O2*-) production. Some data suggest that an important mechanism underlying endothelial dysfunction is endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) uncoupling, whereby eNOS generates O2*- rather than NO, possibly because of a mismatch between eNOS protein(More)
Atherosclerosis is associated with an impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxations, which represents the reduced bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) produced from endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). Among various mechanisms implicated in the impaired EDR in atherosclerosis, superoxide generated from dysfunctional eNOS has attracted attention. Under(More)
OBJECTIVE C-reactive protein (CRP), a predictor of cardiovascular events, localizes in atherosclerotic arteries and exerts proinflammatory effects on vascular cells. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in atherogenesis and plaque instability. METHODS AND RESULTS Expressional pattern of CRP in directional coronary atherectomy specimens from(More)
Energy metabolism is the most fundamental capacity for mammals, impairment of which causes a variety of diseases such as type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. Here, we identified a novel gene, termed diabetes-related ankyrin repeat protein (DARP) that is up-regulated in the heart of KKA(y) mouse, a type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance model animal. DARP(More)
AIMS To evaluate the feasibility of the combined use of virtual histology (VH)-intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) for detecting in vivo thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA). METHODS AND RESULTS In 56 patients with angina, 126 plaques identified by IVUS findings were analysed using both VH-IVUS and OCT. IVUS-derived TCFA was(More)