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We conducted a three-stage genetic study to identify susceptibility loci for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in east Asian populations. We followed our stage 1 meta-analysis of eight T2D genome-wide association studies (6,952 cases with T2D and 11,865 controls) with a stage 2 in silico replication analysis (5,843 cases and 4,574 controls) and a stage 3 de novo(More)
OBJECTIVES Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) has been found to be a useful method of assessing cardiovascular autonomic control, but normal values for standard HRV measures in children have not been established. We analyzed HRV in 60 healthy children aged 3 to 15 years to determine normal values and to assess the effects of development on cardiac(More)
We report a case of ependymoma with unusual vacuolar features arising in the left occipital lobe of a 2-year-old child. The tumor was composed of cells with single or multiple cytoplasmic vacuoles and clear cells. Some cells showed a signet ring-like configuration. Clear cells were compactly arranged and showed an oligodendro-glioma-like appearance. In(More)
We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure in 19,608 subjects of east Asian ancestry from the AGEN-BP consortium followed up with de novo genotyping (n = 10,518) and further replication (n = 20,247) in east Asian samples. We identified genome-wide significant (P < 5 × 10(-8))(More)
BACKGROUND Two consortium-based genome-wide association studies have recently identified robust and significant associations of common variants with systolic and diastolic blood pressures in populations of European descent, warranting further investigation in populations of non-European descent. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the associations at 27 loci(More)
Recently, various authors have proposed the interesting idea that occlusal force may be a principal factor in cervical lesions of the tooth. It is speculated that the lateral force in non-ideal mastication causes the tooth to bend and that the resulting tensile stress damages the enamel surface. In this study, we carried out stress analysis on the upper(More)
Transplant of immature cardiomyocytes is recently attracting a great deal of interest as a new experimental strategy for the treatment of failing hearts. Full understanding of normal cardiomyogenesis is essential to make this regenerative therapy feasible. We analyzed the molecular and functional changes of Ca(2+) handling proteins during development of the(More)
Vascular inflammation plays an important role in the development of myocardial infarction (MI). Lymphotoxin alpha (LTA) is a cytokine with multiple functions in regulation of the immune system and inflammatory reactions. The aim of this study was to examine whether polymorphisms of the LTA gene are associated with the risk of MI in Japanese men and women. A(More)
The usefulness of 80-Hz amplitude-modulation following response (AMFR) detected by phase spectral analysis to predict the hearing threshold during sleep was evaluated in 20 normal adults, 8 normal children and 37 children with hearing impairment. The onset effect of tonal stimulus on 80-Hz steady state response was studied in normal adults during sleep and(More)
The reliability and frequency specificity of the 80-Hz amplitude-modulation-following response (80-Hz AMFR) during sleep detected by phase coherence as a measure of the hearing threshold was evaluated in 169 affected ears of 125 children with hearing impairment. The 80-Hz AMFR at a carrier frequency of 1000 Hz was monitored in all 169 ears and the auditory(More)