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: To determine and directly compare the clinical course of white and Asian patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), data were collected for epidemiologic analysis on 176 patients from Duke University and 209 patients from Japan. White patients were younger with significantly more classical symptoms of PNH including thrombosis,(More)
Acquired uniparental disomy (aUPD) is a common feature of cancer genomes, leading to loss of heterozygosity. aUPD is associated not only with loss-of-function mutations of tumour suppressor genes, but also with gain-of-function mutations of proto-oncogenes. Here we show unique gain-of-function mutations of the C-CBL (also known as CBL) tumour suppressor(More)
The sialomucin CD34 is a useful marker for hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. However, the role of CD34 remains poorly understood. Here we investigate the functions of CD34 and another sialomucin CD43 coexpressed on hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. Stimulation of undifferentiated hematopoietic KG1a cells with anti-CD34 or anti-CD43 induced homotypic(More)
Patients with a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) which has a risk of leukaemic change exhibit a variable clinical course. It has been suggested that the development of leukaemia in patients with MDS may be related to chromosomal abnormalities or genetic alterations: somatic mutation of the N-ras gene is now considered to be a critical step in the genetic(More)
We report the results of a randomized study to elucidate whether addition of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to immunosuppressive therapy is valuable for the treatment of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) in adults. A total of 101 previously untreated patients (median age, 54 years; range, 19 to 75 years) were randomized to receive antithymocyte(More)
SUMMARY In AKR mice that develop spontaneous lymphoid leuke mia, the thymus is the organ of primary involvement. Thy-mic cells from normal mice, as well as from mice with ad vanced leukemia, were separated according to size by sedimentation in a l x g sucrose gradient, the larger cells sedimenting further than the smaller cells. The fractions obtained from(More)
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