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Acquired uniparental disomy (aUPD) is a common feature of cancer genomes, leading to loss of heterozygosity. aUPD is associated not only with loss-of-function mutations of tumour suppressor genes, but also with gain-of-function mutations of proto-oncogenes. Here we show unique gain-of-function mutations of the C-CBL (also known as CBL) tumour suppressor(More)
We investigated the clinical significance of a minor population of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)-type blood cells in patients with acquired aplastic anemia (AA). We quantified CD55-CD59- granulocytes and red blood cells (RBCs) in peripheral blood from 122 patients with recently diagnosed AA and correlated numbers of PNH-type cells and responses(More)
: To determine and directly compare the clinical course of white and Asian patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), data were collected for epidemiologic analysis on 176 patients from Duke University and 209 patients from Japan. White patients were younger with significantly more classical symptoms of PNH including thrombosis,(More)
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a debilitating and life-threatening disease in which lysis of PNH red blood cells frequently manifests with chronic hemolysis, anemia, and thrombosis. Renal damage in PNH is associated with chronic hemosiderosis and/or microvascular thrombosis. We determined the incidence of renal dysfunction or damage, defined(More)
A minor population of blood cells deficient of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored membrane proteins is often detected in patients with aplastic anemia (AA), though the clinical significance of such paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)-type cells remains unclear. To clarify this issue, we studied 164 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)(More)
In order to determine the indication of B7 (B7-1 and B7-2) molecules-mediated immuno-gene therapy for human leukemias, we investigated 94 human leukemic samples for the expression of MHC molecules required for tumor antigen-specific signals and of B7-1, B7-2, and ICAM-1 molecules required for non-specific costimulatory signals. All samples were strongly(More)
The pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of the once-daily, oral ironchelating agent, deferasirox (Exjade, ICL670), have been evaluated further in a Phase I, openlabel, multicenter, dose-escalation study in Japanese patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, aplastic anemia, and other anemias. Deferasirox was initially administered as a single dose(More)
Bisherige Mitteilungen über Patienten mit kongenitaler dyserythropoetischer Anämie betreffen ausnahmslos Individuen kaukasischer Rasse. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird erstmals über ein japanisches Geschwisterpaar berichtet, das die typischen lichtmikroskopischen, elektronenmikroskopischen und funktionalen Veränderungen dieser seltenen hereditären(More)
The restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) of the X-chromosome phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) and hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) genes were used to study the clonal basis of the chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMPD). Analyses were performed on granulocyte and T-lymphocyte fractions obtained from 24 females; 13 had essential(More)