Mitsuhiro Okamoto

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Elevations in circulating glucose and gut hormones during feeding promote pancreatic islet cell viability in part via the calcium- and cAMP-dependent activation of the transcription factor CREB. Here, we describe a signaling module that mediates the synergistic effects of these pathways on cellular gene expression by stimulating the dephosphorylation and(More)
The adrenal inner zone antigen (IZA), which reacts specifically with a monoclonal antibody raised against the fasciculata and reticularis zones of the rat adrenal, was previously found to be identical with a protein variously named 25-Dx and membrane-associated progesterone receptor. IZA was purified as a glutathione S-transferase-fused or His(6)-fused(More)
Salt-inducible kinase (SIK), first cloned from the adrenal glands of rats fed a high salt diet, is a serine/threonine protein kinase belonging to an AMP-activated protein kinase family. Induced in Y1 cells at an early stage of ACTH stimulation, it regulated the initial steps of steroidogenesis. Here we report the identification of its isoform SIK2. When a(More)
Cyclic AMP responsive element (CRE)-binding protein (CREB) is known to activate transcription when its Ser133 is phosphorylated. Two independent investigations have suggested the presence of Ser133-independent activation. One study identified a kinase, salt-inducible kinase (SIK), which repressed CREB; the other isolated a novel CREB-specific coactivator,(More)
Salt-inducible kinase-1 (SIK1) is phosphorylated at Ser577 by protein kinase A in adrenocorticotropic hormone-stimulated Y1 cells, and the phospho-SIK1 translocates from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. The phospho-SIK1 is dephosphorylated in the cytoplasm and re-enters the nucleus several hours later. By using green-fluorescent protein-tagged SIK1 fragments,(More)
The cloning of salt-inducible kinase-1 (SIK1) that was specifically expressed in the adrenal glands of high-salt diet-fed rats led to subsequent cloning of adipose-specific SIK2 and rather ubiquitous SIK3. The three enzymes constitute a novel serine/threonine kinase subfamily, a member of AMP-activated protein kinase (PKA) family. Physiological roles of(More)
Salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) is expressed abundantly in adipose tissues and represses cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB)-mediated gene expression by phosphorylating the coactivator transducer of regulated CREB activity (TORC2). Phosphorylation at Ser(587) of SIK2 diminishes its TORC2 phosphorylation activity. In 3T3-L1 white adipocytes, SIK2(More)
Autophosphorylation is an important mechanism by which protein kinases regulate their own biological activities. Salt inducible kinase 1 (SIK1) is a regulator in the feedback cascades of cAMP-mediated gene expression, while its kinase domain also features autophosphorylation activity. We provide evidence that Ser186 in the activation loop is the site of(More)
Cardiac aldosterone levels have not been evaluated in diastolic heart failure (DHF), and its roles in this type of heart failure remain unclear. This study aimed to detect cardiac aldosterone by use of a liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometric method and to assess the effects of mineralocorticoid receptor blockade on hypertensive DHF. Dahl salt-sensitive(More)
Salt-inducible kinase (SIK), a serine/threonine protein kinase expressed at an early stage of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation in Y1 mouse adrenocortical tumor cells, repressed the cAMP-responsive element (CRE)-dependent gene transcription by acting on the basic leucine zipper domain of the CRE-binding protein (Doi, J., Takemori, H., Lin,(More)