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We present a sharp interface method for computing incompressible immiscible two-phase flows. It couples the level-set and volume-of-fluid techniques and retains their advantages while overcoming their weaknesses. It is stable and robust even for large density and viscosity ratios on the order of 1000 to 1. The numerical method is an extension of the second(More)
Oxidative stress is recognized widely as being associated with various disorders including diabetes, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. It is well established that hydrogen has a reducing action. We therefore investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich water intake on lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with either type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or(More)
PROBLEM Endometriosis is an immune-related, chronic inflammatory disease with a polygenic predisposition. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene promoter region polymorphism (-634C/G) and the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) gene 469K/E polymorphism are responsible in part for the genetic susceptibility to(More)
Oversulfated chondroitin sulfate (CS)/dermatan sulfate (DS) hybrid chains were purified from the notochord of hagfish. The chains (previously named CS-H for hagfish) have an average molecular mass of 18 kDa. Composition analysis using various chondroitinases demonstrated a variety of D-glucuronic acid (GlcUA)- and L-iduronic acid (IdoUA)-containing(More)
BACKGROUND The general public widely consumes caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine), which is contained in various foods, beverages and over-the-counter medications. We have shown previously that caffeine intake could affect bone metabolism in vivo. METHODS Because prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is shown to be elevated in the periodontally diseased site, the(More)
Neudesin is a secreted protein with neurotrophic activity in neurons and undifferentiated neural cells. We report here that neudesin is an extracellular heme-binding protein and that its neurotrophic activity is dependent on the binding of heme to its cytochrome b(5)-like heme/steroid-binding domain. At first, we found that at least a portion of the(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by massive synovial proliferation, angiogenesis, subintimal infiltration of inflammatory cells and the production of cytokines such as TNF-alpha and IL-6. Allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) has been identified in chronic rejection of rat cardiac allografts as well as tissue inflammation in various autoimmune(More)
PROBLEM Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is a major cytokine involved in inflammatory and immune function. The aim of this study was to investigate whether polymorphisms at positions -1031, -863 and -857 in the TNF gene promoter region (TNFA) and TNF receptor type 2 gene (TNFR2) are responsible in part for genetic susceptibility to endometriosis. METHODS(More)
Although the exact etiology of endometriosis is unclear, several lines of evidence support roles for both cell-mediated and humoral immunity in its pathogenesis. To assess the association between HLA genotypes and endometriosis, we investigated the frequencies of HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 antigens or alleles in 123 Japanese patients with endometriosis and(More)
OBJECTIVE The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is a nuclear hormone receptor that plays an important role in many diseases. This study investigated whether two polymorphisms (Pro12Ala in exon B and C161T in exon 6) of the PPAR-gamma2 gene are related to adenomyosis, endometriosis, or leiomyomata. METHODS A total of 390(More)