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We present a sharp interface method for computing incompressible immiscible two-phase flows. It couples the level-set and volume-of-fluid techniques and retains their advantages while overcoming their weaknesses. It is stable and robust even for large density and viscosity ratios on the order of 1000 to 1. The numerical method is an extension of the second(More)
Oxidative stress is recognized widely as being associated with various disorders including diabetes, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. It is well established that hydrogen has a reducing action. We therefore investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich water intake on lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with either type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or(More)
Oversulfated chondroitin sulfate (CS)/dermatan sulfate (DS) hybrid chains were purified from the notochord of hagfish. The chains (previously named CS-H for hagfish) have an average molecular mass of 18 kDa. Composition analysis using various chondroitinases demonstrated a variety of D-glucuronic acid (GlcUA)- and L-iduronic acid (IdoUA)-containing(More)
Progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1), PGRMC2, neudesin, and neuferricin all contain a cytochrome b5-like heme/steroid-binding domain and belong to the membrane-associated progesterone receptor (MAPR) family. Their amino acid sequences are well conserved among vertebrates, from humans to zebrafish. MAPR family genes are abundantly expressed in(More)
PROBLEM Endometriosis is an immune-related, chronic inflammatory disease with a polygenic predisposition. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene promoter region polymorphism (-634C/G) and the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) gene 469K/E polymorphism are responsible in part for the genetic susceptibility to(More)
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class III region, located on chromosome 6p21, has been regarded as one of the susceptible loci for type 1 diabetes. Because it contains many genes related to inflammatory and immune responses, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF), lymphotoxin-alpha (LT-alpha), and allograft inflammatory factor 1 (AIF-1) genes, it is(More)
In Parkinson's disease, cell death is selectively induced in mesencephalic nigral dopaminergic neurons. At present, no disease modifying therapy or radical treatment has been found for this disease. Some dopamine agonists may have a neuroprotective action in cultured cells and animal models. In the present study, we examined stimulating effects of a(More)
Neudesin is a secreted protein with neurotrophic activity in neurons and undifferentiated neural cells. We report here that neudesin is an extracellular heme-binding protein and that its neurotrophic activity is dependent on the binding of heme to its cytochrome b(5)-like heme/steroid-binding domain. At first, we found that at least a portion of the(More)
BACKGROUND The general public widely consumes caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine), which is contained in various foods, beverages and over-the-counter medications. We have shown previously that caffeine intake could affect bone metabolism in vivo. METHODS Because prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is shown to be elevated in the periodontally diseased site, the(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by massive synovial proliferation, angiogenesis, subintimal infiltration of inflammatory cells and the production of cytokines such as TNF-alpha and IL-6. Allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) has been identified in chronic rejection of rat cardiac allografts as well as tissue inflammation in various autoimmune(More)