Mitsuhiro Ohta

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NF-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), a basic leucine zipper transcription factor, is involved in the expression of numerous detoxifying and antioxidant genes via the antioxidant response element (ARE). Apomorphine (Apo), a dopamine D(1)/D(2) receptor agonist, is used for clinical therapy of Parkinson's disease. On the other hand, Apo is a potent radical scavenger(More)
In Parkinson's disease, cell death is selectively induced in mesencephalic nigral dopaminergic neurons. At present, no disease modifying therapy or radical treatment has been found for this disease. Some dopamine agonists may have a neuroprotective action in cultured cells and animal models. In the present study, we examined stimulating effects of a(More)
Recent findings suggest that oxidative stress caused by dopamine could be closely involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). tert-Butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) is known as a strong inducer of phase II detoxification enzymes which have antioxidative functions. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of tBHQ against(More)
Neuroprotection is the primary concern in patients with newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease. The D2/weak D1 dopamine agonist cabergoline elicits neuroprotection by antioxidation and scavenging free radicals, and may protect neurons by up-regulating endogenous neurotrophic factors synthesis in the brain. In primary cultured mouse astrocytes, cabergoline 37(More)
We found that prostaglandin (PG) D(2) and PGE(2), which are major PGs in the brain of mammals, powerfully induced the secretion of nerve growth factor (NGF) from cultured mouse astrocytes; PGE(2) or PGD(2) induced an approximately 12- or 19-fold increase in NGF secretion after a 24-h incubation, respectively. Moreover, it was found that the sequential(More)
Ifenprodil, a non-competitive NMDA-receptor antagonist, has been shown to exhibit marked cytoprotective activities in animal models for focal ischemia and Parkinson's disease. To test the hypothesis that the cytoprotective effect is due to the release of neurotrophic factors (NTFs), we examined the effects of ifenprodil on the NTF contents in mouse(More)
We examined the stimulatory effects of the dopamine agonists bromocriptine, pergolide, cabergoline, and SKF-38393 on the synthesis and secretion of neurotrophic factors (nerve growth factor, NGF; brain-derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF; and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, GDNF) in cultured mouse astrocytes, and clarified the role of dopamine D1(More)
Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune intraepithelial blistering disease involving the skin and mucous membranes. Oral mucosa is frequently affected in patients with PV, and oral lesions may be the first sign of the disease in majority of patients. In some patients, oral lesions may also be followed by skin involvement. Therefore, timely recognition and(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by massive synovial proliferation, angiogenesis, subintimal infiltration of inflammatory cells and the production of cytokines such as TNF-alpha and IL-6. Allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) has been identified in chronic rejection of rat cardiac allografts as well as tissue inflammation in various autoimmune(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of serum extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes and to assess whether increased EC-SOD concentration is associated with the development of diabetic vascular complications. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Serum EC-SOD concentrations were(More)