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In plants, excess light has the potential to damage the photosynthetic apparatus. The damage is caused in part by reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by electrons leaking from the photosynthetic electron transport system. To investigate the mechanisms equipped in higher plants to reduce high light (HL) stress, we surveyed the response of 7000(More)
Seed imbibition is a prerequisite for subsequent dormancy and germination control. Here, we investigated imbibition responses of Arabidopsis seeds by transcriptomic and hormone profile analyses using dormant [Cape Verde Islands (Cvi)] and non-dormant [Columbia (Col)] accessions. Once imbibed, seeds of both accessions swelled most up to 3 h, reflecting water(More)
Dry seeds accumulate translatable mRNAs as well as functional proteins for transcription and translation. They are possibly involved in early physiological responses after imbibition, however, their functions remain poorly understood. The aim of this study is to investigate the function of seed stored transcriptional machinery in resumption of gene(More)
Phototropin family photoreceptors, phot1 and phot2, in Arabidopsis thaliana control the blue light (BL)-mediated phototropic responses of the hypocotyl, chloroplast relocation movement and stomatal opening. Phototropic responses in dark-grown tissues have been well studied but those in de-etiolated green plants are not well understood. Here, we analyzed(More)
PHOTOTROPIN2 (PHOT2) is a unique photoreceptor involved in chloroplast avoidance movement and also regulates blue light (BL) responses, such as phototropism and leaf flattening, together with PHOTOTROPIN1 (PHOT1) in Arabidopsis thaliana. Previous work showed that the defect of the phot2-1 mutant in chloroplast avoidance movement was a semidominant trait. In(More)
Intense and excessive light triggers the evolution of reactive oxygen species in chloroplasts, and these have the potential to cause damage. However, plants are able to respond to light stress and protect the chloroplasts by various means, including transcriptional regulation at the nucleus. Activation of light stress-responsive genes is mediated via(More)
To develop a high density linkage map in faba bean, a total of 1,363 FBES (Faba bean expressed sequence tag [EST]-derived simple sequence repeat [SSR]) markers were designed based on 5,090 non-redundant ESTs developed in this study. A total of 109 plants of a 'Nubaria 2' × 'Misr 3' F2 mapping population were used for map construction. Because the parents(More)
Pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells have the capability to differentiate to various cell types and may represent an alternative cell source for the treatment of cartilage defects. Here, we show that differentiation of ES cells toward the chondrogenic lineage can be enhanced by altering the culture conditions. Chondrogenesis was observed in intact embryoid(More)
We investigated the expression levels of leptin receptors in the brain of ovariectomized (OVX) rats. The mean expression level of ob mRNA in adipose tissues of OVX rats was significantly (P < 0.01) lower than that in the SHAM operation group rats, and the mean body weight of OVX rats was significantly (P < 0.01) greater than that in the SHAM group rats.(More)