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Taurine, a substrate of taurine transporter, has functions as a neuromodulator and antioxidant and beta-alanine, a taurine transporter inhibitor, has a role as a neurotransmitter in the brain, and they were expected to be involved in depression-like behavior and antidepressant treatment. These facts aroused our interest in new capabilities of taurine and(More)
This study was designed to compare the effects of muscimol (GABA(A) agonist), baclofen (GABA(B) agonist) and nipecotic acid (GABA uptake inhibitor) on food intake in two chicken strains (meat-type and layer-type chicks). The intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of all GABA agents induced hyperphagia in layer-type chicks. However, in broiler chicks, there(More)
The present study compared the plasma corticosterone concentrations between meat- and layer-type neonatal chicks (Gallus gallus) (1) exposed to isolation-induced stress or (2) injected intracerebroventricularly (ICV) with corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF). Both types of neonatal chicks housed in groups were individually introduced to an open field arena(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence suggesting the existence of an interaction between commensal microbiota, the gut and the brain. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of commensal microbiota on the host behaviors in a contamination-free environment, which was verified by culture-based methods. METHODS Open-field and marble-burying(More)
Recently, we have reported that central administration of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) strongly decreases food intake of chicks. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether suppressed food intake induced by the central injection of GLP-1 is mediated by activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. First, the effects of central administration(More)
It is known that, in rats, central and peripheral ghrelin increases food intake mainly through activation of neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurons. In contrast, intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of ghrelin inhibits food intake in neonatal chicks. We examined the mechanism governing this inhibitory effect in chicks. The ICV injection of ghrelin or(More)
The present study investigated whether centrally administered phosphatidylserine (PS) could modify the behavior of chicks under isolation-induced stress. Isolation stress-induced vocalization and spontaneous activity for 10 min, which were attenuated by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of PS. The effect of PS was compared with other phospholipids(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), structurally similar to glucagon, is synthesized from a larger precursor, preproglucagon, and has been postulated to be a novel incretin. Recently, it was reported that central administration of GLP-1 decreased food intake in rats. The amino acid sequences of GLP-1 are identical in all mammals, and chicken GLP-1 exhibits a(More)
It is well known that alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) inhibits feeding via melanocortin receptor-4 (MC4R) in the mammalian brain. The anorexigenic effect of alpha-MSH is attenuated by agouti-related protein (AGRP), an antagonist for MC4R. Present studies were carried out to clarify whether human AGRP (86-132) antagonizes the anorexigenic(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), urocortin and urotensin I share amino acid sequences, and they inhibit food intake in mammals. CRF plays a potent role in decreasing food intake in avian species, but the effects of urocortin and urotensin I have not been investigated. Therefore, the effect of these three peptides on food intake in the neonatal chick(More)