Mitsuhiko Tanahashi

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The consumption rates of three monolignols (p-coumaryl, coniferyl, and sinapyl alcohols) and eight analogues using horseradish peroxidase (HRP)–H2O2 as an oxidant were measured and compared with the anodic peak potentials thereof measured with cyclic voltammetry. 3-Monosubstituted p-coumaryl alcohols, i.e., 3-methoxy-, 3-ethoxy-, 3-n-propoxy-, and(More)
The radical coupling reaction leading to the β-0′ quinonemethide intermediate of p-coumaryl alcohol was analyzed by semi-empirical molecular orbital calculation with MOPAC2002. By analyzing the radical monomer in a one-electron oxidation, the spin density of the unpaired electron at the 4-oxygen was less than half of the values at the C1, C3, C5, and Cβ(More)
TRK-530 is a novel synthetic bisphosphonate compound which exhibits inhibitory activity in the rat adjuvant arthritis (AA) model. We found that, during AA development, the concentrations of cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 (CINC-1) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in the bone marrow increased, and that administration of TRK-530(More)
TRK-530 is a novel bisphosphonate derivative. We examined the anti-inflammatory effects of TRK-530 on adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats. When TRK-530 at a dose of 2.5 mg/kg was administered for 2 weeks to AA rats, it inhibited destructive changes in arthritic joints such as paw edema, bone loss and joint degeneration. TRK-530 also inhibited splenomegaly and(More)
TRK-530, a newly synthesized bisphosphonate, was assessed for its effects on the accumulation of superoxide anions derived from human formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine-stimulated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN), and for its effects on bone resorption using a pit formation assay. TRK-530 concentration-dependently inhibited superoxide accumulation(More)
1. Staphylococcal enterotoxine B (SEB; superantigen) accelerated the onset of arthritis in mice preimmunized with type II collagen (SEB-potentiated collagen-induced arthritis). Cyclosporin A and FK-506 inhibited the induction and development of clinical signs and histopathological changes of SEB-potentiated collagen-induced arthritis in mice. 2.(More)
TRK-530 is a newly synthesized diphosphonate derivative. We investigated the effect of TRK-530 on type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice in comparison to that of prednisolone and indomethacin. TRK-530 at a dose of 25 mg/kg showed a tendency to inhibit CIA. TRK-530 at a dose of 50 mg/kg inhibited the development of the CIA in terms of the(More)
The effect of steam-exploded wood flour (SE) added to wood flour/plastic composite was examined using SE from beech, Japanese cedar, and red meranti and three kinds of thermoplastic polymer: polymethylmethacrylate, polyvinyl chloride, and polystyrene. Addition of SE increased the fracture strength and water resistance of the composite board to an extent(More)
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