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The purpose of this study was to screen for FCHL in children using serum lipid phenotypes. The subjects were 1190 (599 male, 591 female) children who participated in a screening and care program for life style-related diseases in school children. Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride were determined, and information on the(More)
BACKGROUND Susceptibility-weighted imaging is a novel high-spatial-resolution three-dimensional gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging technique with phase postprocessing that accentuates the paramagnetic properties of blood products. The use of susceptibility-weighted imaging for epileptic focus localization in the acute stage of encephalopathy in a(More)
A 13-year-old girl with Graves' disease, whose younger sister had systemic lupus erythematosus, developed polyarthralgia, fever, neutropenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and microscopic hematuria after treatment with propylthiouracil (PTU) for 2 years. Myeloperoxidase-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies were strongly positive. Anti-single- and(More)
In adults, visceral fat accumulation is an important indicator for cardiovascular disease risk. This relationship is not fully understood in children. To determine the best predictor of cardiovascular disease risk factors among anthropometric indices such as body mass index (BMI), percent body fat (%Fat), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist circumference, and(More)
AIMS In obesity, fatty acid composition is altered with reduced docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels. Desaturating enzymes, stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), delta-6 desaturase (D6D) and delta-5 desaturase (D5D) modulate fatty acid composition and are thus associated with the development of metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to identify the(More)
BACKGROUND Alanine-for-threonine substitution at codon 54 (A54T polymorphism) in the fatty acid-binding protein 2 gene (FABP2) has been associated with hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance. Impairment in the activity of delta 6 and 5 desaturases is also supposed to be a factor predisposing the development of insulin resistance syndrome. AIM We(More)
We isolated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from a 3-month-old Indian girl who was born in the United States, moved to Japan, and suffered from subcutaneous abscesses in 2007. The MRSA (strain NN36) belonged to multilocus sequence type (ST) 8, exhibited agr1, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) type IVa, and coagulase type(More)
AIM To investigate the relationship between the clustering of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) levels in Japanese obese boys. METHODS Subjects were 58 obese boys aged 12.0±2.6 years, which were categorized into three subgroups: abdominal obesity, pre-MetS (abdominal obesity+1 component), and(More)
Fatty acid composition, which is altered in patients with abdominal obesity, is influenced not only by dietary intake but also by the desaturating enzymes stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), delta-6 desaturase (D6D) and delta-5 desaturase (D5D). We investigated desaturase activities and their associations with metabolic risk factors, C-reactive protein levels(More)
It is not easy to make diagnose FCHL in children, since a clear expression of lipoprotein abnormality is unlikely and standard criteria have not yet been established. We investigated eight cases of childhood FCHL and their families with respect to familial history, anthropometric parameters and serum lipoprotein levels, to explore the characteristics of(More)