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BACKGROUND Susceptibility-weighted imaging is a novel high-spatial-resolution three-dimensional gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging technique with phase postprocessing that accentuates the paramagnetic properties of blood products. The use of susceptibility-weighted imaging for epileptic focus localization in the acute stage of encephalopathy in a(More)
The purpose of this study was to screen for FCHL in children using serum lipid phenotypes. The subjects were 1190 (599 male, 591 female) children who participated in a screening and care program for life style-related diseases in school children. Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride were determined, and information on the(More)
In adults, visceral fat accumulation is an important indicator for cardiovascular disease risk. This relationship is not fully understood in children. To determine the best predictor of cardiovascular disease risk factors among anthropometric indices such as body mass index (BMI), percent body fat (%Fat), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist circumference, and(More)
A 13-year-old girl with Graves' disease, whose younger sister had systemic lupus erythematosus, developed polyarthralgia, fever, neutropenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, and microscopic hematuria after treatment with propylthiouracil (PTU) for 2 years. Myeloperoxidase-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies were strongly positive. Anti-single- and(More)
We isolated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from a 3-month-old Indian girl who was born in the United States, moved to Japan, and suffered from subcutaneous abscesses in 2007. The MRSA (strain NN36) belonged to multilocus sequence type (ST) 8, exhibited agr1, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) type IVa, and coagulase type(More)
BACKGROUND Alanine-for-threonine substitution at codon 54 (A54T polymorphism) in the fatty acid-binding protein 2 gene (FABP2) has been associated with hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance. Impairment in the activity of delta 6 and 5 desaturases is also supposed to be a factor predisposing the development of insulin resistance syndrome. AIM We(More)
Fatty acid composition, which is altered in patients with abdominal obesity, is influenced not only by dietary intake but also by the desaturating enzymes stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), delta-6 desaturase (D6D) and delta-5 desaturase (D5D). We investigated desaturase activities and their associations with metabolic risk factors, C-reactive protein levels(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal obesity alters the composition of plasma and tissue long chain fatty acids and thus affects a number of important physiological functions relating to the development of cardiometabolic diseases. The fatty acid composition is modulated by desaturases; stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), delta-6 desaturase (D6D) and delta-5 desaturase (D5D).(More)
AIMS In obesity, fatty acid composition is altered with reduced docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels. Desaturating enzymes, stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), delta-6 desaturase (D6D) and delta-5 desaturase (D5D) modulate fatty acid composition and are thus associated with the development of metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to identify the(More)
The association of lipid composition in each lipoprotein fraction with adiponectin level in relation to body fatness was investigated. The subjects were 283 children (144 boys and 139 girls) aged 11.6 years (S.D. 1.5). Cholesterol (C) and triglyceride (TG) levels in each lipoprotein fraction were measured by a combination of agarose gel electrophoresis and(More)