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BACKGROUND To clarify the genetic mutations associated with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) and IPMN-related pancreatic tumours, we conducted cancer-related gene profiling analyses using pure pancreatic juice and resected pancreatic tissues. METHODS Pure pancreatic juice was collected from 152 patients [nine with a normal pancreas, 22 with(More)
AIMS To clarify the clinical features and the natural history of serous cystic neoplasm (SCN) of the pancreas. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed data from 30 patients affected by SCN. SCNs were classified as (1) microcystic type, (2) micro- and macrocystic type, and (3) macrocystic type according to the modified WHO classification. Eighteen patients who(More)
Neuropilin-1 (Np-1) is a coreceptor for vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), and both are expressed at high levels in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs). While VEGF-A has been implicated in tumor angiogenesis, the role of Np-1 in PDAC is less clearly defined. Accordingly, PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cells, which express relatively high levels(More)
PURPOSE Neuropilin (Np)-1 and -2 are coreceptors for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). This study was designed to assess their role in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We assessed Np-1 and Np-2 expression by real-time quantitative PCR in relation to the expression of VEGF ligands and receptors in pancreatic cancer cell(More)
To clarify the clinical features of acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC), we reviewed 113 cases of AAC experienced from January, 2000 to December, 2007 in regard to patient background, etiology, imaging diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes. Functional bile stasis caused AAC in 34 of 113 cases (30.1%), and 28 of those developed in a nosocomial manner (82.4%).(More)
Genetic alterations in specific genes are critical events in carcinogenesis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. However, the genetic alterations responsible for HCC development, progression, and survival are unclear. We investigated the essential difference in genetic alterations between HCC and adjacent non-HCC tissues using next-generation(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) is a potent angiogenic agent that binds to two high affinity VEGF receptors (VEGFRs), a process facilitated by the low affinity neuropilin receptors. Although VEGF-A is overexpressed in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, it is not known whether the in vivo growth of multiple pancreatic cancer cells can be(More)
AIM To study how lymph node metastasis (LNM) risk is stratified in undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (undiff-EGC) dependent on combinations of risk factors. METHODS Five hundred and sixty-seven cases with undiff-EGC undergoing gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy were examined retrospectively. Using clinicopathological factors of patient age,(More)
UNLABELLED Because of recent advances in deep sequencing technology, detailed analysis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) quasispecies and their dynamic changes in response to direct antiviral agents (DAAs) became possible, although the role of quasispecies is not fully understood. In this study, to clarify the evolution of viral quasispecies and the origin of(More)
AIM To investigate whether the patients with hypovascular liver nodules determined on the arterial phase and hypointensity on the hepatocyte phase gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (hypovascular hypointense nodules) are at increased risk of hepatocarcinogenesis, we assessed subsequent typical hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development at(More)