Mitsuharu Fukasawa

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Some wild African green monkeys are known to be naturally infected with a retrovirus related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) without having any apparent symptoms of an AIDS-like disease. This simian immunodeficiency virus, designated SIVAGM, may be helpful in clarifying the evolution and pathogenicity of HIV. Some virus strains that were previously(More)
DNA methylation in the promoter region of a gene is associated with a loss of that gene's expression and plays an important role in gene silencing. The inactivation of tumor-suppressor genes by aberrant methylation in the promoter region is well recognized in carcinogenesis. However, there has been little study in this area when it comes to genome-wide(More)
AIMS To analyse the results of a single institution experience of combined preoperative radio/chemo-radiotherapy and intraoperative electron-radiation therapy (IORT) for locally advanced rectal cancer and to compare the results with surgery alone retrospectively. METHODS The study cohort comprised 99 patients with clinical T3-4NxM0 adenocarcinoma of the(More)
Lysenin, a hemolytic protein derived from the earthworm Eisenia foetida, has a high affinity for sphingomyelin. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells exhibited a high cytolytic sensitivity to lysenin, but treatment with sphingomyelinase rendered the cells resistant to lysenin. Temperature-sensitive CHO mutant cells defective in sphingolipid synthesis were(More)
Since the isolation of an HIV-2-related virus from captive macaques (SIVMAC), the origin of human immunodeficiency viruses, a much debated subject, has been attributed to monkeys. The sequence of SIVAGM, which is derived from a naturally infected African green monkey, shows equal relatedness to HIV-1 and HIV-2, suggesting that the derivation of these(More)
This paper reports the molecular cloning of a rearranged c-myc region from the FT-1 cell line, which was derived from a spontaneous feline T-cell leukemia carrying the feline leukemia virus (FeLV). An abnormal c-myc EcoRI fragment of about 18 kilobases, detected by Southern blotting, was molecularly cloned from the DNA of the FT-1 cell line. The c-myc(More)
Tumor cells of feline leukemia were examined for structural abnormality and expression of the myc gene. Four of 12 spontaneous leukemia cases showed structural abnormalities of the myc gene detected by Southern blotting analysis. Of these 4 cases, one (Case 1) showed a DNA rearrangement in the 5' portion of the c-myc locus associated with integration of(More)
The Japanese isolate (TM1 strain) of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) which replicates in a feline CD4 (fCD4)-positive lymphoblastoid cell line (MYA-1 cells) was molecularly cloned from extrachromosomal closed circular DNA. The restriction map of the clone, termed pFTM 191 complete genome (CG), showed a considerable difference from that of the U.S.(More)
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) contains at least three small open reading frames (ORFs) in the genome, in addition to the three structural genes. Two of these ORFs (putative vif and ORF-A) have unknown functions. Northern (RNA) blot analysis of mRNAs from an FIV-infected cell line showed that the putative-vif-specific mRNA was expressed as a 5.2-kb(More)
We designed a universal primer (UNIPOL) for DNA amplification of AIDS-related viruses. The phylogenetic tree constructed from the presumed sequences amplified with UNIPOL was representative of the tree calculated from whole pol gene sequences so far reported. UNIPOL was able to amplify the sequences of all four major groups of primate lentiviruses and also(More)