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This study aimed to investigate the effects of occupational status and job stress factors on cardiovascular stress reactivity in Japanese workers. In this baseline assessment between 2001 and 2009 in Osaka, Japan, we examined 928 healthy Japanese employees (330 men, 598 women) from two occupational statuses: managers/professionals and general workers. A(More)
Acute autonomic and sensory neuropathy is a rare disorder that has been only anecdotally reported. We characterized the clinical, electrophysiological, pathological and prognostic features of 21 patients with acute autonomic and sensory neuropathy. An antecedent event, mostly an upper respiratory tract or gastrointestinal tract infection, was reported in(More)
This clinical practice guideline provides recommendations for the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of school-aged children and juveniles with orthostatic dysregulation (OD), usually named orthostatic intolerance in USA and Europe. This guideline is intended for use by primary care clinicians working in primary care settings. The guideline contains the(More)
AIM To investigate changes in cerebral blood volume during standing in healthy children with or without abnormal cardiovascular responses. METHODS We studied 53 children (age, 10-15 years). Cerebral oxygenated haemoglobin (oxy-Hb) and deoxygenated Hb (deoxy-Hb) were non-invasively and continuously measured using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) (NIRO(More)
AIM To examine the effects of a once-weekly laughter and exercise program on physical and psychological health among elderly people living in the community. As a regular exercise program can be difficult to maintain, we provided a more enjoyable program to enhance adherence to exercise. METHODS A total of 27 individuals aged 60 years or older, without(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the hypothesis that postmenopausal women demonstrate greater cardiovascular stress reactivity during mental stress tasks than do both premenopausal women and men. METHODS The study included 979 Japanese participants (338 men and 641 women [238 postmenopausal]) aged 16 to 82 years. Blood pressure, heart rate, heart rate(More)
The present investigation is about cardiovascular responses and relevant autonomic function in Swedish and Japanese pubertal children on active standing using non-invasive continuous beat-to-beat finger arterial pressure (FAP) monitoring and power spectral analysis. Examined were 54 Swedish and 57 Japanese children (13-15 years). FAP and heart rate (HR) was(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is thought to be involved in coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD); however, MMP-9 inhibitors are not used clinically. This study investigated whether the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril could inhibit serum MMP-9 activity using serum from KD patients in an(More)
AIM Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is one of the most frequent forms of chronic orthostatic intolerance in children and adolescents. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of a genetic background on POTS. METHODS A total of 96 children and adolescents with orthostatic dysregulation were studied. The polymorphism of the G protein(More)
BACKGROUND Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) manifests as marked tachycardia while standing. We noticed two forms of circulatory response to orthostatic stress in POTS. We investigated cardiovascular and autonomic nervous response to orthostatic stress in the two forms. METHODS We studied 79 patients with POTS and 38 healthy control subjects (Ct).(More)