Mitsufumi Mayumi

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By means of representational difference analysis, a viral clone (N22) of 500 nucleotides was isolated from serum of a patient (TT) with posttransfusion hepatitis of unknown etiology. The N22 clone showed a poor homology to any reported sequences. Oligonucleotide primers were deduced from the N22 sequence for detecting it by polymerase chain reaction. N22(More)
A nonenveloped, single-stranded, and circular DNA virus designated TT virus (TTV) has been reported in association with hepatitis of unknown etiology. TTV has a wide sequence divergence (approximately 52%), by which it is classified into at least 16 genotypes separated by an evolutionary distance of >0.30. Therefore, the detection of TTV DNA by polymerase(More)
The complete nucleotide sequences of the DNA of three hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes of subtype adw, cloned from plasma samples of asymptomatic carriers living in the mainland and Okinawa Prefecture of Japan and Indonesia were determined. All three comprised 3215 bp and differed in sequence by only 3.9 to 5.6%. When these isolates were compared with the(More)
Thirty-four (41%) of 83 hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolates from commercial blood donors in Vietnam were not classifiable into genotype I/1a, II/1b, III/2a, IV/2b, or V/3a; for 15 of them, the sequence was determined for 1.6 kb in the 5'-terminal region and 1.1 kb in the 3'-terminal region. Comparison of the 15 Vietnamese isolates among themselves and with(More)
A nonenveloped and single-stranded DNA virus designated TT virus (TTV) has been reported from Japan in association with hepatitis of unknown etiology. Very recently, the prototype TTV isolate (TA278) of genotype 1 is proven to have a circular genome with 3852 nucleotides. A TTV isolate (TUS01) was recovered from a blood donor in the United States, and its(More)
Five isolates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA from patients with chronic liver disease in Nepal were not classifiable into the known genotypes I/1a, II/1b, III/2a, IV/2b or V/3a using PCR with type-specific primers deduced from the HCV core gene. Their nucleotide sequences were determined for the 5'-terminal 1.5 kilobases and 3'-terminal 1.2 kilobases,(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA clones were propagated from 57 carriers with antibody to hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and sequenced within nucleotides (nt) 1685 to 1926 including the core promoter (nt 1742 to 1849) and the pre-C region (nt 1814 to 1900). Mutations in the core promoter or those in the pre-C region, or both, were detected in 328 (97.9%) of 335(More)
Recently, putative viral agents responsible for human non-A to E hepatitis have been independently reported by two groups of investigators and designated GB virus C (GBV-C) and hepatitis G virus (HGV), respectively. The entire nucleotide sequences were determined for two viral genomes isolated from Japanese blood donors with GBV-C RNA. One of them (GT230)(More)
Five patients with type B or C hepatocellular carcinoma were found to be infected with a nonenveloped DNA virus (TTV) associated with posttransfusion hepatitis of non-A-G etiology. Paired feces and serum samples from these patients were tested for TTV DNA by polymerase chain reaction with seminested primers and their sequences were compared. TTV DNA was(More)
BACKGROUND A recently discovered non-A-E hepatitis virus has been designated hepatitis GB virus C (HGBV-C), but little is known about its mode of transmission and its clinical manifestations. We studied 519 patients on maintenance hemodialysis to determine whether they were infected with HGBV-C. METHODS HGBV-C RNA was identified in serum by a(More)