Mitsufumi Mayumi

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BACKGROUND Congenital solitary kidneys, which are susceptible to renal failure, have been considered mostly due to unilateral renal agenesis and partly due to renal aplasia. Risk of familial recurrence and of other associated anomalies is known to be much higher in renal agenesis than in renal aplasia. However, differential diagnosis between the two renal(More)
Animal studies have provided substantial evidence for a key role of reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide and its related compounds in the complex pathophysiology of bacterial meningitis. However, there is little information on changes in the redox status in human meningitis. In the present study, we evaluated the redox status and oxidative stress in the(More)
The involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress in pediatric diseases is an important concern, but oxidative stress status in healthy young subjects and appropriate methods for its measurement remain unclear. This study evaluated a comprehensive set of urinary biomarkers for oxidative stress in healthy children, adolescents and young(More)
Increased production of advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) and augmented oxidative stress may contribute to vascular complications in diabetes. Little is known about the formation and accumulation of AGEs in young patients with type 1 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether AGE production and oxidative stress are augmented(More)
BACKGROUND For ambulatory pediatric outpatients,reports of abnormalities of bone metabolism associated with anti-epileptic drugs are inconsistent and may be difficult to interpret. METHODS The effects of long-term anti-epileptic therapy (mainly valproic acid and/or carbamazepine) on bone mineral status were evaluated in ambulatory epileptic patients(seven(More)
The authors report serial brain MR findings from a 2-year-old girl with rotavirus encephalopathy. The lesion in the splenium of the corpus callosum showed restricted proton diffusion, suggesting local cytotoxic edema. Diffusion-weighted images demonstrated the lesion more conspicuously than other techniques, such as fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery and(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a representative endocrine disruptor that may have adverse effects on human health. Since the development of oral tolerance during infancy may play an important role in the prevention of food allergies, we examined whether transmaternal exposure to BPA influences the development of oral tolerance. To measure antigen-specific responses,(More)
Endothelial cells produce nitric oxide (NO), a potent vasodilator. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of NO synthase. Little is known about the potential physiological roles of ADMA in a perinatal setting. This study measures concentrations of ADMA in umbilical blood using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and those of NO as(More)
Reduction of perivascular pH in acidemia produces hyporesponsiveness of vascular bed to vasoconstrictors. In the present study, we examined the effects of modest acidification on dilatory responses of isolated rat thoracic aorta. Acetylcholine produced endothelium-dependent relaxation in phenylephrine-precontracted aorta, which was markedly enhanced by(More)
Erythromycin (EM) has attracted attention because of its anti-inflammatory effect. Because dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent APCs involved in numerous pathologic processes including innate immunity, we examined effects of EM on the activation of human DCs by pathogen-derived stimuli. Monocyte-derived DCs were pretreated with EM and subsequently(More)