Mitsue Ohmachi

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The raison d'etre of the germline is to produce oocytes and sperm that pass genetic material and cytoplasmic constituents to the next generation. To achieve this goal, many developmental processes must be executed and coordinated. ERK, the terminal MAP kinase of a number of signaling pathways, controls many aspects of development. Here we present a(More)
Male sex determination in the Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodite germline requires translational repression of tra-2 mRNA by the GLD-1 RNA binding protein. We cloned fog-2 by finding that its gene product physically interacts with GLD-1, forming a FOG-2/GLD-1/tra-2 3'untranslated region ternary complex. FOG-2 has an N-terminal F-box and a novel C-terminal(More)
Kinase Suppressor of Ras (KSR) is a conserved protein that positively regulates Ras signaling and may function as a scaffold for Raf, MEK, and ERK. However, the precise role of KSR is not well understood, and some observations have suggested that KSR might act in a parallel pathway. In C. elegans, ksr-1 is only required for a specific Ras-mediated process(More)
RAS-extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) signaling governs multiple aspects of cell fate specification, cellular transitions, and growth by regulating downstream substrates through phosphorylation. Understanding how perturbations to the ERK signaling pathway lead to developmental disorders and cancer hinges critically on identification of the(More)
1 EGO-1, a putative RNA-directed RNA polymerase, promotes germline proliferation in parallel with GLP-1/Notch signaling and regulates the spatial organization of nuclear pore complexes and germline P granules in C. elegans ego-1 and germline proliferation 2 ego-1 and germline proliferation ego-1 and germline proliferation 3 ABSTRACT C. elegans EGO-1, a(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans EGO-1, a putative cellular RNA-directed RNA polymerase, promotes several aspects of germline development, including proliferation, meiosis, and gametogenesis, and ensures a robust response to RNA interference. In C. elegans, GLP-1/Notch signaling from the somatic gonad maintains a population of proliferating germ cells, while entry of(More)
Tissues that generate specialized cell types in a production line must coordinate developmental mechanisms with physiological demand, although how this occurs is largely unknown. In the Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodite, the developmental sex-determination cascade specifies gamete sex in the distal germline, while physiological sperm signaling activates(More)
BACKGROUND Kelch-related proteins constitute an expanding family, members of which carry two conserved motifs named the BTB/POZ and the kelch repeat domains. The best-characterized member, Drosophila Kelch, constitutes the ring canals in the egg chamber in association with actin. However, physiological and biochemical functions of the members of this family(More)
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