Mitsuaki Moriguchi

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The amino acid compositions of proteins from halophilic archaea were compared with those from non-halophilic mesophiles and thermophiles, in terms of the protein surface and interior, on a genome-wide scale. As we previously reported for proteins from thermophiles, a biased amino acid composition also exists in halophiles, in which an abundance of acidic(More)
We have cloned an ORF ofBacillus thuringiensis M15, which encodes a protein sharing high similarity with D-glucose dehydrogenase. A high-expression plasmid (pBtGDH) for the ORF was constructed.Escherichia coli JM 109 transformed with pBtGDH exhibited D-glucose dehydrogenase activity, and the enzyme was purified by 3 chromatographic steps to homogeneity with(More)
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylases (UTP: 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase, EC from baker's yeast and Neurospora crassa IFO 6178 were inhibited by uridine which is the nucleoside moiety of UDP-GlcNAc. The inhibition was shown in both directions of pyrophosphorolysis and of synthesis of UDP-GlcNAc. Kinetic(More)
We have for the first time found and cloned the cDNA (AoglsA) of Aspergillus oryzae RIB40, which encodes a 49.9-kDa protein sharing 40% homology with the salt-tolerant glutaminase of Micrococcus luteus K-3 (Micrococcus glutaminase). AoglsA was subcloned into a series of expression vectors and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Escherichia coli. The(More)
D-Aminoacylase from Alcaligenes xylosoxydans subsp. xylosoxydans A-6 (AxD-NAase) offers a novel biotechnological application, the production of D-amino acid from the racemic mixture of N-acyl-DL-amino acids. However, its substrate specificity is biased toward certain N-acyl-D-amino acids. To construct mutant AxD-NAases with substrate specificities different(More)
The overproduction of d-aminoacylase (d-ANase, 233.8 U/mg), N-acyl-d-glutamate amidohydrolase (d-AGase, 38.1 U/mg) or N-acyl-d-aspartate amidohydrolase (d-AAase, 6.2 U/mg) in Escherichia coli is accompanied by aggregation of the overproduced protein. To facilitate the expression of active enzymes, the molecular chaperones GroEL-GroES (GroELS),(More)
Nitric oxide derived from sodium nitroprusside binds to the heme moiety of hemoglobin and also modifies some functional groups in the protein. As hemoglobin concentration is increased, globin modification is decreased presumably due to formation of the NO complex with heme. The SH groups of hemoglobin are probably not involved in the formation of the stable(More)
Glutaminase from Stenotrophomonas maltophilia NYW-81 was purified to homogeneity with a final specific activity of 325 U/mg. The molecular mass of the native enzyme was estimated to be 41 kDa by gel filtration. A subunit molecular mass of 36 kDa was measured with SDS-PAGE, thus indicating that the native enzyme is a monomer. The N-terminal amino acid(More)
A thermophilic bacterium, which we designated as Geobacillus thermoleovorans 47b was isolated from a hot spring in Beppu, Oita Prefecture, Japan, on the basis of its ability to grow on bitter peptides as a sole carbon and nitrogen source. The cell-free extract from G. thermoleovorans 47b contained leucine aminopeptidase (LAP; EC, which was(More)