Mitsuaki Hosoya

Learn More
Human RSV causes an annual epidemic of respiratory tract illness in infants and in elderly. Mechanisms by which RSV antagonizes IFN-mediated antiviral responses include inhibition of type I IFN mRNA transcription and blocking signal transduction of JAK/STAT family members. The suppressor of cytokines signaling (SOCS) gene family utilizes a feedback loop to(More)
BACKGROUND Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of the major etiologic agents of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). The surveillance data indicate that EV71 infection follows an epidemic mode of transmission, causing large outbreaks and then becoming quiescent for a few years. METHODS We investigated the genetic diversity of a total of 121 EV71 strains isolated(More)
BACKGROUND The accidents that occurred at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant after the Great East Japan Earthquake on 11 March 2011 have resulted in long-term, ongoing anxiety among the residents of Fukushima, Japan. Soon after the disaster, Fukushima Prefecture launched the Fukushima Health Management Survey to investigate long-term low-dose(More)
To clarify the chronologic genetic diversity of coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) strains associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) epidemics in a restricted area and their genetic relation with those isolated in other areas, we investigated the genetic diversity of the 129 CV-A16 strains associated with HFMD epidemics in Fukushima, Japan, from 1983 to(More)
The ribavirin concentration in hamster brains was measured by a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system and a bioassay system. When ribavirin was administered intracranially at a dosage of 10 mg/kg of body weight per day for 10 days, a dosage which results in 100% survival of hamsters infected with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE)(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the sequence of cytokines and inflammatory cells in enteroviral meningitis. METHODS Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was collected from 86 patients who received a diagnosis of enteroviral meningitis after detection of the enteroviral genome in the CSF using polymerase chain reaction. Twenty-one of 86 patients had repeated lumbar punctures.(More)
Cytochrome c and tumor necrosis factor-alpha concentrations were measured in serum and cerebrospinal fluid samples from 10 patients with influenza-associated encephalopathy. In the acute exacerbation phase, serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha and cytochrome c values were high in patients with a poor prognosis. In the convalescent phase, cerebrospinal fluid(More)
A series of four mannose(Man)-, three N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc)n-, ten N-acetylgalactosamine/galactose(GalNAc/Gal)-, one 5-acetylneuraminic acid (alpha-2,3-Gal/GalNAc)- and one 5-acetylneuroaminic acid(alpha-2,6-Gal/Gal-NAc)-specific plant agglutinins were evaluated for their antiviral activity in vitro. the mannose-specific lectins from the orchid(More)
Enzymological and immunochemical analyses of the liver were preformed in seven Japanese patients with citrullinemia. Among the urea cycle enzymes in the liver, only the activity of argininosuccinate synthetase was specifically decreased to 2 to 50% of normal controls. Liver argininosuccinate synthetase of patients was indistinguishable from that of controls(More)
BACKGROUND The Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster forced people to evacuate their hometowns. Many evacuees from the government-designated evacuation zone were forced to change their lifestyle, diet, exercise, and other personal habits. The Comprehensive Health Check (CHC), 1 of 4 detailed surveys of The Fukushima Health(More)