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INTRODUCTION Metabolic acidosis confirmed by arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis is one of the diagnostic criteria for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Given the direct relationship between end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2), arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2), and metabolic acidosis, measuring ETCO2 may serve as a surrogate for ABG in the assessment of possible DKA.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Iron overload is a major problem in patients with beta-thalassemia major, and it has many structural and metabolic consequences. The aim of this study was evaluation of endocrine disturbances in patients with beta-thalassemia major who were older than 10 years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this cross-sectional study,(More)
Spontaneous rupture of an adrenal pheochromocytoma is extremely rare and can be lethal because of dramatic changes in the circulation. We describe a 35-year-old Iranian female with previously diagnosed von Recklinghausen ' s disease who suffered spontaneous rupture of an adrenal pheochromocytoma, misdiagnosed as renal colic followed by an extensive(More)
BACKGROUND There are few epidemiologic studies on vitamin D status of postmenopausal women in the Middle East countries. This study aimed to investigate the 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in postmenopausal women living in the north-west of Iran. METHODS Using the records of the local household registry, 300 cases were enrolled by simple random sampling. Serum(More)
Thyroid diseases may cause signs and symptoms of neuromuscular dysfunction. Hypothyroidism has been associated with the clinical features of proximal muscle weakness, mononeuropathy, and sensorimotor polyneuropathy. This study aimed at evaluating the electrophysiologic findings in patients with untreated spontaneous hypothyroidism and comparing them with a(More)
Background: Diabetes is frequently along with hyperlipidemia. Glycemic control could improve this condition and including statins and fibrates is the best option to facilitate this amelioration. Noting the importance of diabetes in terms of its multiple complications and the load of its huge cost on the shoulders of the health system of our country, this(More)
INTRODUCTION Quick release bromocriptine (BROM-QR), currently approved for glycemic control, reduces the risk of cardiovascular events in adults with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study evaluates the effect of BROM-QR on homocysteine (HOMC) and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), the biochemical markers of coronary(More)
Medullary thyroid carcinoma accounts for 4% of thyroid carcinoma and originates from parafollicular cells, secreting calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Conventional radiographic modalities such as Computerized Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and Ultrasonography (U/S), are used for detecting recurrences following total(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoventilation is a frequently suspected complication of hypothyroidism. OBJECTIVE In this study we examined the hypothesis that changes in alveolar ventilation, as measured by end-tidal carbon dioxide (Et-CO(2)), differ between patients with mild (subclinical) and overt (clinical) thyroid hormone deficiency, and both differ from healthy(More)
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