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BACKGROUND We assessed the prevalence of substance use among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft and valve surgery in northwest Iran. We evaluated the postoperative complications and in-hospital mortality of patients with substance dependence and abuse. METHODS In this prospective, observational study, we interviewed 600 patients during the(More)
INTRODUCTION Pulmonary artery (PA) banding is a procedure associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. It however can effectively palliate several forms of congenital heart lesions with increased pulmonary flow. Occasionally, to obtain an optimal degree of banding following operation, readjustment of the band is inevitable. We describe the technique(More)
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