Learn More
The Sir2 deacetylase regulates chromatin silencing and lifespan in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In mice, deficiency for the Sir2 family member SIRT6 leads to a shortened lifespan and a premature ageing-like phenotype. However, the molecular mechanisms of SIRT6 function are unclear. SIRT6 is a chromatin-associated protein, but no enzymatic activity of SIRT6 at(More)
Despite the high doses of radiation delivered in the treatment of patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the tumors invariably recur within the irradiation field, resulting in a low cure rate. Understanding the mechanism of such recurrence is therefore important. Here we have shown in an intracranial GBM xenograft model that irradiation induces(More)
The histone lysine methyltransferase NSD2 (MMSET/WHSC1) is implicated in diverse diseases and commonly overexpressed in multiple myeloma due to a recurrent t(4;14) chromosomal translocation. However, the precise catalytic activity of NSD2 is obscure, preventing progress in understanding how this enzyme influences chromatin biology and myeloma pathogenesis.(More)
Sirtuin proteins regulate diverse cellular pathways that influence genomic stability, metabolism and ageing. SIRT7 is a mammalian sirtuin whose biochemical activity, molecular targets and physiological functions have been unclear. Here we show that SIRT7 is an NAD(+)-dependent H3K18Ac (acetylated lysine 18 of histone H3) deacetylase that stabilizes the(More)
We have previously shown that spores of the nonpathogenic clostridial strain C. sporogenes genetically engineered to express the E. coli-derived cytosine deaminase gene are effective in converting systemically injected nontoxic 5-fluorocytosine into the toxic anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil, thereby producing tumor-specific antitumor activity. To improve the(More)
BACKGROUND Epithelial ovarian cancer demonstrates high mortality due to diagnosis at an advanced stage. In the search for a biomarker for early diagnosis and a target for therapy, the issue of whether interleukin-13 receptor (IL-13R), shown to be expressed on a variety of human cancers, is expressed in ovarian tumor samples was explored. In addition,(More)
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the most common cause of chronic liver fibrosis, progresses to cirrhosis in up to 20% of patients. We report that hepatic stellate cells (HSC) in sinusoidal lesions of liver of patients with NASH express high levels of high-affinity IL-13R (IL-13Ralpha2), which is colocalized with smooth muscle actin, whereas fatty liver(More)
The interleukin-13 receptor alpha2 (IL-13R alpha2) chain is a primary IL-13 binding and internalization component of the IL-13R system. Previous studies have shown that human brain tumors, including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), overexpress IL-13R alpha2 chain, while normal brain cells do not express this protein or express very low levels of it. To target(More)
Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Ap), the etiologic agent of the tick-borne disease human granulocytic anaplasmosis, is an obligate intracellular pathogen unique in its ability to target and replicate within neutrophils. We define and compare the spectra of host gene expression in response to Ap infection of human neutrophils and of HL-60 cells using long(More)
We have shown previously that high-affinity receptors for interleukin-13 (IL-13Ralpha2) are overexpressed on a variety of solid cancer cells, diseased fibroblasts, and other cells, and a chimeric fusion protein composed of human IL-13 and mutated Pseudomonas exotoxin (IL-13-PE38) is highly and specifically cytotoxic to these cells in vitro and in vivo. To(More)