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The naturally occurring acylated phloroglucinol derivative hyperforin was recently identified as the first specific canonical transient receptor potential-6 (TRPC6) activator. Hyperforin is the major antidepressant component of St. John's wort, which mediates its antidepressant-like properties via TRPC6 channel activation. However, its pharmacophore moiety(More)
KCNQ channels have been identified in arterial smooth muscle. However, their role in vasoregulation and chronic vascular diseases remains elusive. We tested the hypothesis that KCNQ channels contribute to periadventitial vasoregulation in peripheral skeletal muscle arteries by perivascular adipose tissue and that they represent novel targets to rescue(More)
Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid peptide hormone which modulates many physiological functions including cardiovascular homeostasis. Here we report some novel findings about the action of ghrelin on smooth muscle cells (SMC) freshly isolated from human mesenteric arteries. Ghrelin (10(-7) mol/l) significantly suppressed the iberiotoxin-blockable component of(More)
Using the micro-electrode technique we studied the effects of interleukin-6 on bio-electric activity of rat atrial tissue under normal conditions and after gradual stretching. It was shown that IL-6 caused increasing of the duration of the action potential at the levels of 25, 50, and 90% re-polarization. The hump-like depolarization at APD90 appeared 7-10(More)
AIM Our aim was to study the new signalling pathway of ghrelin in the guinea-pig femoral artery using the outward I(K) as a sensor. METHODS Whole-cell patch-clamp experiments were performed on single smooth muscle cells, freshly isolated from the guinea-pig femoral artery. The contractile force of isometric preparations of the same artery was measured(More)
Three different bioactive materials suitable as dentine substitutes in tooth repair have been studied: glass-ionomer cement, particulate bioglass, and calcium-silicate cement. On 15 permanent human molars, Class V cavities were prepared and the bottom of each cavity was de-mineralized by an artificial caries gel. After the de-mineralization, the teeth were(More)
To investigate the role of mitochondrial antioxidant capacity during increased susceptibility to heat accompanied by the aging, young and aged Wistar rats were exposed on heat for 60 min. After heat exposure, hepatic and brain mitochondria were isolated. Our results revealed changes in antioxidant enzyme activities in liver and brain mitochondria from young(More)
The hypothesis is that the ghrelin signal pathway consists of new participants including a local second mediator in human mesenteric arteries. The contractile force of isometric artery preparations was measured using a wire-myograph. Whole-cell patch clamp experiments were performed on freshly isolated single smooth muscle cells from the same tissue. After(More)
The aim of this study is to reveal the regulatory role of cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE), the main source of hydrogen sulphide (H 2 S) in perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT), of diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in male rats by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Animals with glucose levels above 20 mmol/L were determined as diabetic.(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperoxia is shown to impair airway relaxation via limiting L-arginine bioavailability to nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and reducing NO production as a consequence. L-arginine can also be synthesized by L-citrulline recycling. The role of L-citrulline supplementation was investigated in the reversing of hyperoxia-induced impaired relaxation of rat(More)