Mitja Košnik

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BACKGROUND This study describes heat- and cold-related mortality in 12 urban populations in low- and middle-income countries, thereby extending knowledge of how diverse populations, in non-OECD countries, respond to temperature extremes. METHODS The cities were: Delhi, Monterrey, Mexico City, Chiang Mai, Bangkok, Salvador, São Paulo, Santiago, Cape Town,(More)
In the Air Pollution and Health: A European Approach (APHEA2) project, the effects of ambient ozone concentrations on mortality were investigated. Data were collected on daily ozone concentrations, the daily number of deaths, confounders, and potential effect modifiers from 23 cities/areas for at least 3 years since 1990. Effect estimates were obtained for(More)
PURPOSE In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cardiovascular system is involved but less is known about role of specific cardiac biomarkers. We aimed to investigate associations between N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and troponin T during hospitalisation with 6-month outcome. METHODS This was a prospective study conducted(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the short-term effects of carbon monoxide on total and cardiovascular mortality in 19 European cities participating in the APHEA-2 (Air Pollution and Health: A European Approach) project. METHODS We examined the association using hierarchical models implemented in two stages. In the first stage, data from each city were analyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic side-effects of venom immunotherapy (VIT) represent a considerable problem in the treatment of patients allergic to Hymenoptera venom. We examined the hypothesis whether basophil responsiveness might be connected with the adverse reactions to VIT. METHODS Basophil surface expression of activation marker CD63 induced by different(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term efficacy of venom immunotherapy (VIT) in patients who either prematurely discontinue VIT or who experience subsequent stings after discontinuation of VIT remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE To survey sting reaction patterns in patients who had previously discontinued VIT. METHODS Patients who had received VIT between January 1, 1984,(More)
Studies of animal models have shown that the activation of the complement system could have a role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma by promoting inflammation and enhancing airway hyperresponsiveness. We sought to determine whether the levels of complement factors C3a, C4a, and C5a are elevated at the site of inflammation in(More)
BACKGROUND: Among patients with allergy to insect stings, double positivity in tests for IgE antibodies specific to honey bee and wasp venoms is a frequent diagnostic problem. True double sensitization and possible cross-reactivity of venom hyaluronidases and with carbohydrate determinants must be considered in such patients. We studied the frequency of(More)
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of allergy to Hymenoptera venom is usually confirmed with skin testing and measurement of specific serum IgE antibody, tests which are sometimes inconclusive. In these cases, additional in vitro tests are necessary. The aim of this study was to show the applicability of the basophil activation test in detecting sensitization to(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary goal of this study was to determine the difference of abundance of CD4+, CD8+ and CD56+ bronchoalveolar fluid's lymphocytes and their subpopulations between cancerous lung and healthy lung from the same patient. METHODS Mini-bronchoalveolar lavage was taken from 55 patients from lung with cancer and healthy lung. After laboratory(More)