Mitiaki Myotoku

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An efflux function induced by multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) contributes to the mechanisms of resistance to methotrexate (MTX). Since it has been reported that the human Caucasian colon adenocarcinoma cell line (Caco-2) shows high MRPs expression, it is assumed that Caco-2 cells are resistant to MTX. Alternatively, the human fibrosarcoma(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effect of an herbal medicine-goshajinkigan (GJ)-on the regulation of total body weight, as well as liver and adipose tissue weights in rats fed a highfat diet (HFD) and drinking of 30% sucrose (HFDS) (HFD; the rats received 19.6% energy from carbohydrates, 18.2% from proteins, and 62.2% from lipids; total energy,(More)
The Chinese herbal medicine, Goshajinki-gan (GJ) (Niu-Che-Sen-Qi-Wan), has been widely used for treating patients with melalgia, lower back pain, numbness, and diabetic neuropathy. We investigated the effects of GJ on the regulation of serum insulin and triglyceride levels in obese Zucker fatty rats (fa/fa; ZFR). We administrated GJ to 6-week-old ZFR and(More)
Preproglucagon is known to be processed into glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, GLP-2, and glicentin in the L cells of the intestinal tract. GLP-2 has been shown to possess intestinotrophic activity in rodents. However, the ligand-binding mechanisms of GLP-2 receptor (GLP-2R) have not been extensively investigated. The present study sought to determine the(More)
We investigated the effects of a Chinese herbal medicine, Gosha-jinki-gan (GJG), on the regulation of insulin levels in rats fed a sucrose-rich diet (SRD). Normal Wistar rats in the SRD group were fed an SRD for 4 weeks. Increased dietary sucrose did not alter plasma glucose levels but it increased plasma insulin levels at 2 and 4 weeks in the SRD-fed rats(More)
The kinetics of drug transport across the trophoblast layer is determined by several factors. Human choriocarcinoma cell lines like BeWo and JEG-3 have been used as models of the trophoblast layer to examine the placental transport of drugs. Previously, the drugs examined in these models have been readily transported across the trophoblast layer via(More)
Hachimi-jio-gan (HJ) is a Chinese medicine that has been widely used for the treatment of nephrotic syndromes, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. We reported that HJ lowers plasma glucose in type 1 diabetic rats. We investigated the effects of HJ on diabetic hyperglycemia and insulin secretion in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats. Eight-week-old(More)
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