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Although psychophysical evidence for object-based attention has been reported, corresponding studies with event-related potentials (ERPs) are scarce. Here subjects were presented with perceptual fields containing two superimposed objects (transparent surfaces generated by two sets of dots in rigid rotation around fixation, each set of a different color and(More)
Two interspersed and differently colored sets of dots were rotated in opposite directions and were perceived as superimposed transparent surfaces. Probes consisting of brief changes in dot motion direction were reported. Two probes affecting the same surface were discriminated accurately. The 2nd probe was discriminated poorly if it affected a surface(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs) and behavioral data were recorded while subjects performed two tasks on the same set of faces (presented in pairs). One task was identity matching and the other expression matching. Two groups of subjects participated, one familiar and the other unfamiliar with the faces. Subjects were less accurate in matching expressions(More)
In addition to their deficit in overt face recognition, patients with prosopagnosia also have difficulties in matching sequentially presented unfamiliar faces. Here we assessed the possibility that covert matching of faces was present in a case with prosopagnosia using event-related potentials (ERPs). The participants (patient FE and normal controls) were(More)
Rightward shifts in attention are a common consequence of brain injury. A growing body of evidence appears to suggest that increases in attentional load, and decreases in alertness can lead to rightward shifts in attention in healthy and patient populations. It is unclear however whether these factors affect spatial biases in attention at the level of(More)
The difficulty in processing two stimuli at once increases with their separation. Therefore to demonstrate constraints in dividing attention between objects, the effects of their spatial separation must be controlled. Duncan used superimposed objects to achieve this, and showed that judging two attributes is more accurate if they concern one object than if(More)
The association of enumeration and number comparison capacities with arithmetical competence was examined in a large sample of children from 2nd to 9th grades. It was found that efficiency on numerical capacities predicted separately more than 25% of the variance in the individual differences on a timed arithmetical test, and this occurred for both younger(More)
The effects of attention on visual evoked potentials triggered by motion-onset were examined in four experiments. A set of randomly oriented bars was used as stimuli. The first experiment showed that responses to motion-onset following pattern-onset by less than 300 ms were suppressed. In the other three experiments, the amplitude of N170 was reduced when(More)
The performance of statistical evoked-potential detection methods was compared with that of human observers and among themselves by means of receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. The test material was a collection of brain stem auditory-evoked responses obtained from 98 infants with 60 and 30 dB nHL clicks. The observers and the statistical(More)
Amygdala structural and functional abnormalities have been associated to reactive aggression in previous studies. However, the possible linkage of these two types of anomalies has not been examined. We hypothesized that they would coincide in the same localizations, would be correlated in intensity and would be mediated by reactive aggression personality(More)