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The replication of simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA is largely dependent upon cellular replication proteins. To define these proteins we have made use of a cell-free system that is capable of replicating plasmid DNA molecules containing the SV40 origin of replication. Systematic fractionation-reconstitution experiments indicate that there are a minimum of six(More)
We examined the roles of DNA topoisomerases in the replication of simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA in a cell-free system composed of an extract from HeLa cells supplemented with purified SV40 tumor antigen. When the activities of both topoisomerase I (EC 5.99.1.2) and topoisomerase II (EC 5.99.1.3) in the extract were blocked with specific inhibitors or(More)
Analysis of the kinetics of simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA replication in vitro demonstrated the existence of a slow presynthesis reaction that occurs prior to onset of extensive chain elongation and is dependent on a subset of the cellular proteins required for the complete replication reaction. When the presynthesis reaction is carried out in the presence of(More)
Replication protein A (RP-A) is a complex of three polypeptides of molecular mass 70, 32, and 14 kDa, which is absolutely required for simian virus 40 DNA replication in vitro. We have isolated a cDNA coding for the 32-kDa subunit of RP-A. An oligonucleotide probe was constructed based upon a tryptic peptide sequence derived from whole RP-A, and clones were(More)
Study of the proteins involved in DNA replication of a model system such as SV40 is a first step in understanding eukaryotic chromosomal replication. Using a cell-free system that is capable of replicating plasmid DNA molecules containing the SV40 origin of replication, we conducted a series of systematic fractionation-reconstitution experiments for the(More)
Replication of plasmid DNA molecules containing the simian virus 40 (SV40) origin of DNA replication has been reconstituted with seven highly purified cellular proteins plus the SV40 large tumor (T) antigen. Initiation of DNA synthesis is absolutely dependent upon T antigen, replication protein A, and the DNA polymerase alpha-primase complex and is(More)
Deficiency of autophagy protein beclin 1 is implicated in tumorigenesis and neurodegenerative diseases, but the molecular mechanism remains elusive. Previous studies showed that Beclin 1 coordinates the assembly of multiple VPS34 complexes whose distinct phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase III (PI3K-III) lipid kinase activities regulate autophagy at different(More)
ATM is mutated in the human genetic disorder ataxia telangiectasia, which is characterized by ataxia, immune defects, and cancer predisposition. Cells that lack ATM exhibit delayed up-regulation of p53 in response to ionizing radiation. Serine 15 of p53 is phosphorylated in vivo in response to ionizing radiation, and antibodies to ATM immunoprecipitate a(More)
We have isolated lambda transducing phages carrying the Escherichia coli primase gene (dnaG) and mapped restriction sites in the cloned bacterial DNA segments. Several different DNA fragments containing the dnaG gene were inserted into multicopy plasmids. An analysis of the primase levels in cells harboring such plasmids indicates that sequences far(More)
Previous studies revealed that sequences surrounding the initiation sites in many mammalian and viral gene promoters, called initiator (Inr) elements, may be essential for promoter strength and for determining the actual transcription start sites. DNA sequences in the vicinity of the human metallothionein IIA (hMTIIA) gene transcription start site share(More)