Mitchell S. Wold

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Replication protein A (RPA), a heterotrimeric single-stranded DNA binding protein, is required for recombination, and stimulates homologous pairing and DNA strand exchange promoted in vitro by human recombination protein HsRad51. Co-immunoprecipitation revealed that purified RPA interacts physically with HsRad51, as well as with HsDmc1, the homolog that is(More)
The replication of simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA is largely dependent upon cellular replication proteins. To define these proteins we have made use of a cell-free system that is capable of replicating plasmid DNA molecules containing the SV40 origin of replication. Systematic fractionation-reconstitution experiments indicate that there are a minimum of six(More)
Homologs of Escherichia coli RecA recombination protein, which have been found throughout the living kingdom, promote homologous pairing and strand exchange. The nucleoprotein filament, within which strand exchange occurs, has been conserved through evolution, but conservation of the polarity of exchange and the significance of that directionality has not(More)
Deficiency of autophagy protein beclin 1 is implicated in tumorigenesis and neurodegenerative diseases, but the molecular mechanism remains elusive. Previous studies showed that Beclin 1 coordinates the assembly of multiple VPS34 complexes whose distinct phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase III (PI3K-III) lipid kinase activities regulate autophagy at different(More)
We have isolated lambda transducing phages carrying the Escherichia coli primase gene (dnaG) and mapped restriction sites in the cloned bacterial DNA segments. Several different DNA fragments containing the dnaG gene were inserted into multicopy plasmids. An analysis of the primase levels in cells harboring such plasmids indicates that sequences far(More)
Previously thought of as a nonselective digestion process, autophagy is now known to specifically degrade aggregated proteins and damaged cellular organelles through the action of autophagy receptors, which provides cellular quality control and maintains homeostasis. Autophagy receptors recognize and recruit specific cargoes to the autophagosome-lysosome(More)
We examined the roles of DNA topoisomerases in the replication of simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA in a cell-free system composed of an extract from HeLa cells supplemented with purified SV40 tumor antigen. When the activities of both topoisomerase I (EC 5.99.1.2) and topoisomerase II (EC 5.99.1.3) in the extract were blocked with specific inhibitors or(More)
ATM is mutated in the human genetic disorder ataxia telangiectasia, which is characterized by ataxia, immune defects, and cancer predisposition. Cells that lack ATM exhibit delayed up-regulation of p53 in response to ionizing radiation. Serine 15 of p53 is phosphorylated in vivo in response to ionizing radiation, and antibodies to ATM immunoprecipitate a(More)
We have developed a soluble enzyme system that replicates exogenously added plasmid DNA (lambda dv) bearing the replication origin of the bacteriophage lambda chromosome. The system contains pure phage lambda O and P replication proteins and a partially purified mixture of Escherichia coli replication proteins [the enzyme system of Fuller, R.S., Kaguni,(More)
Study of the proteins involved in DNA replication of a model system such as SV40 is a first step in understanding eukaryotic chromosomal replication. Using a cell-free system that is capable of replicating plasmid DNA molecules containing the SV40 origin of replication, we conducted a series of systematic fractionation-reconstitution experiments for the(More)