Mitchell R Goldsworthy

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Regular physical activity can have positive effects on brain function and plasticity. Indeed, there is some limited evidence that even a single bout of exercise may promote plasticity within the cortex. However, the mechanisms by which exercise acutely promotes plasticity are not clear. To further explore the effects of acute exercise on cortical function,(More)
There is some limited evidence suggesting that the spaced application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) protocols may extend the duration of induced neuroplastic changes. However, this has yet to be demonstrated in the human primary motor cortex (M1). We evaluated whether the paired application of an inhibitory rTMS protocol [continuous(More)
OBJECTIVE The application of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in bursts at theta frequencies (TBS) may produce lasting neuroplastic changes in the human cortex. However, there exists high variability in subjects' responses, possibly due to non-optimal stimulation characteristics. Here we compare the efficacy of two variations of(More)
BACKGROUND The potential of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) for studying, and inducing, functionally relevant neuroplasticity is dependent on protocols that can induce lasting, robust and reliable effects. A current limiting factor is the large inter- and intra-subject variability in NIBS-induced neuroplastic responses. There has been some study of(More)
BACKGROUND Continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) of the human primary motor cortex (M1) induces long-term depression (LTD)-like plastic changes in corticospinal excitability, but several studies have reported high inter-subject variability of this effect. Most studies use a tonic voluntary contraction of the target muscle before cTBS to set stimulation(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Little is known regarding long-term patient compliance with the tennis ball technique (TBT), one of the original simple methods of positional therapy (i.e., avoiding the supine posture during sleep) for posture-dependent obstructive sleep apnea patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate long-term patient compliance with TBT. (More)
The cortisol awakening response (CAR) is the most prominent, dynamic and variable part of the circadian pattern of cortisol secretion. Despite this, its precise purpose is unknown. Aberrant patterns of the CAR are associated with impaired physical and mental health and reduced cognitive function, suggesting that it may have a pervasive role or roles. It has(More)
Advancing age is associated with cognitive and motor performance deficits and a reduced capacity for plasticity. Zimerman and colleagues (Zimerman M, Nitsch M, Giraux P, Gerloff C, Cohen LG, Hummel FC. Ann Neurol 73: 10-15, 2013) have recently shown that noninvasive brain stimulation can enhance behavioral improvements following training on a motor sequence(More)
BACKGROUND Continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) suppresses the excitability of motor networks responsible for generating motor evoked potentials (MEPs), and may also modulates the excitability of inhibitory motor networks. However, its effects on intracortical inhibition are modest in comparison to the effects on MEPs. The repeated, spaced, application(More)
BACKGROUND The potential of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) for both probing human neuroplasticity and the induction of functionally relevant neuroplastic change has received significant interest. However, at present the utility of NIBS is limited due to high response variability. One reason for this response variability is that NIBS targets a diffuse(More)