Mitchell Martin

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Spotted cDNA microarrays are emerging as a powerful and cost-effective tool for large-scale analysis of gene expression. Microarrays can be used to measure the relative quantities of specific mRNAs in two or more tissue samples for thousands of genes simultaneously. While the power of this technology has been recognized, many open questions remain about(More)
Alström syndrome is a monogenic recessive disorder featuring an array of clinical manifestations, with systemic fibrosis and multiple organ involvement, including retinal degeneration, hearing loss, childhood obesity, diabetes mellitus, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), urological dysfunction, and pulmonary, hepatic, and renal failure. We evaluated a large(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies in European populations have reported a reciprocal association of glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) gene with triglyceride versus fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels and type 2 diabetes risk. GCKR is a rate-limiting factor of glucokinase (GCK), which functions as a key glycolytic enzyme for maintaining glucose homeostasis. We(More)
To study the insulin effects on gene expression in skeletal muscle, muscle biopsies were obtained from 20 insulin sensitive individuals before and after euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamps. Using microarray analysis, we identified 779 insulin-responsive genes. Particularly noteworthy were effects on 70 transcription factors, and an extensive influence on(More)
Recent data have implicated leukocyte telomere length shortening as a potential risk predictor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its associated phenotypes. However, to date, epidemiologic data are scarce. Using a case-control study from a community-based population sample of the Boston metropolitan area (all whites: 424 controls and 432 cases), we(More)
We report a genomewide linkage study of type 2 diabetes (T2D [MIM 125853]) in the Icelandic population. A list of type 2 diabetics was cross-matched with a computerized genealogical database clustering 763 type 2 diabetics into 227 families. The diabetic patients and their relatives were genotyped with 906 microsatellite markers. A nonparametric multipoint(More)
Antibody conjugates were prepared by coupling F(ab')2 or Fab' fragments of an antibody specific for the human high molecular weight-melanoma associated antigen to Fab' fragments of an antibody specific for indium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetate complexes. Monovalent and bivalent haptens were synthesized by reacting the dipeptide tyrosyl-lysine with(More)
A high percentage of patients with BRAF(V600E) mutant melanomas respond to the selective RAF inhibitor vemurafenib (RG7204, PLX4032) but resistance eventually emerges. To better understand the mechanisms of resistance, we used chronic selection to establish BRAF(V600E) melanoma clones with acquired resistance to vemurafenib. These clones retained the V600E(More)
AIMS We examined the risk association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in eleven candidate genes with type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D-associated polymorphisms were also examined for prediction of incident CHD. METHODS 113 tagging SNPs were genotyped in stage 1 (467 T2D cases, 290 controls), and 15 SNPs were analyzed in the final cohort (1462 T2D(More)
Alström syndrome is a homogeneous autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by childhood obesity associated with hyperinsulinemia, chronic hyperglycemia and neurosensory deficits. The gene involved in Alström syndrome probably interacts with genetic modifiers, as subsets of affected individuals present with additional features such as dilated(More)