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The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) and the HSB (Humidity Sounder Brazil) form an integrated cross-track scanning temperature and humidity sounding system on the Aqua satellite of the Earth Observing System (EOS). AIRS is an infrared spectrometer/radiometer which covers the 3.7-15.4 µm spectral range with(More)
[1] This paper incorporates the latest improvements in intersatellite calibration, along with a new statistical technique, to determine the diurnal and seasonal cycles and climatic trends of 1978–2004 tropospheric temperature using Microwave Sounding Unit measurements. We also compare the latitudinal distribution of temperature trends from the surface and(More)
[1] The Microwave Sounding Units (MSU) aboard the NOAA series of polar orbiting satellites has been used by three groups to monitor the very small trend in the global tropospheric temperature over the 25-year satellite record. To obtain a homogeneous data set, each group made different calibration corrections of the MSUs in the form of fixed biases, and in(More)
[1] The Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite was successfully launched on 28 October 2011. On board the Suomi NPP, the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) is a cross-track scanning instrument and has 22 channels at frequencies ranging from 23 to 183 GHz which allows for probing the atmospheric temperature and moisture under(More)
[1] Land surface emissivity (LSE) in the infrared (IR) window region (8–12 mm) governs the thermal emissions from the Earth's surface. Many LSE databases, retrieved from various satellite instruments, are available for studying climate, Earth‐atmosphere interaction, weather, and the environment. The precision (standard deviation) and accuracy (bias) of(More)
Prototype for monitoring and forecasting fall foliage coloration in real time from satellite data" (2012). Keywords: Phenology Fall foliage coloration Foliage phase Time-series satellite data Temporally-normalized brownness index Real-time monitoring Short-term forecasting a b s t r a c t While determining vegetation phenology from the time series of(More)