Mitchell D. Goldberg

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The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) and the HSB (Humidity Sounder Brazil) form an integrated cross-track scanning temperature and humidity sounding system on the Aqua satellite of the Earth Observing System (EOS). AIRS is an infrared spectrometer/radiometer which covers the 3.7 15.4 μm spectral range with(More)
[1] This paper incorporates the latest improvements in intersatellite calibration, along with a new statistical technique, to determine the diurnal and seasonal cycles and climatic trends of 1978–2004 tropospheric temperature using Microwave Sounding Unit measurements. We also compare the latitudinal distribution of temperature trends from the surface and(More)
[1] The Microwave Sounding Units (MSU) aboard the NOAA series of polar orbiting satellites has been used by three groups to monitor the very small trend in the global tropospheric temperature over the 25-year satellite record. To obtain a homogeneous data set, each group made different calibration corrections of the MSUs in the form of fixed biases, and in(More)
[1] The Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite was successfully launched on 28 October 2011. On board the Suomi NPP, the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) is a cross-track scanning instrument and has 22 channels at frequencies ranging from 23 to 183 GHz which allows for probing the atmospheric temperature and moisture under(More)
Calcium and calcium-binding proteins including those resembling calmodulin are implicated in numerous diverse processes in bacteria. These processes include chemotaxis, sporulation, virulence, the transport of sugars and proteins, phosphorylation, heat shock, the initiation of DNAS replication, septation, nucleoid structure, nuclease activity and(More)
Virulence gene expression in enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is governed by a combination of environmental factors and virulence regulators. These factors control the expression of the bundle-forming pili (BFP), intimin, the type III secretion apparatus and the secreted proteins EspA, EspB, EspD and Tir. Expression of the bfp genes occurs for a(More)
The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder/Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit/Humidity Sounder for Brazil (AIRS/AMSU/HSB) instrument suite onboard Aqua observes infrared and microwave radiances twice daily over most of the planet. AIRS offers unprecedented radiometric accuracy and signal to noise throughout the thermal infrared. Observations from the combined suite of(More)
Scientific progress often comes about as a result of new instruments for making scientific observations. The Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) is one such new instrument. The first AMSU was flown on the NOAA-15 satellite on 13 May 1998, and it will fly on the NOAA-16 and NOAA-17 satellites as well. The measuring capabilities of the instrument are(More)
The Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) onboard the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration polar-orbiting satellites measures the atmospheric temperature from the surface to the lower stratosphere under all weather conditions, excluding precipitation. Although designed primarily for monitoring weather processes, the MSU observations have been extensively(More)
A fast and accurate method for the generation of atmospheric transmittances, optical path transmittance (OPTRAN), is described. Results from OPTRAN are compared with those produced by other currently used methods. OPTRAN produces transmittances that can be used to generate brightness temperatures that are accurate to better than 0.2 K, well over 10 times as(More)