Mitchell D Botney

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A previous study had established that anaerobic continuous-flow (CF) cultures of conventional mouse cecal flora were able to maintain the in vivo ecological balance among the indigenous bacterial species tested. This paper describes experiments designed to determine the mechanisms which control the population sizes of these species in such CF cultures. One(More)
Aneurysms involving the main pulmonary artery and its branches are rare. Clinical experience is limited and current knowledge is mainly derived from autopsy findings. This case report describes a patient with a pulmonary artery aneurysm associated with a previous, partially corrected stenotic pulmonary valve. The patient presented with symptoms suggestive(More)
Trycyclic antidepressants are often effective in the management of neuropathic pains. To elucidate the mechanism of tricyclic-induced analgesia, amitriptyline and other drugs were injected into lightly anesthetized rats either systemically or via lumbar intrathecal cannulas. Analgesia was assessed by measuring the latency of the tail flick reflex. Using(More)
The development of pulmonary hypertension in hypoxic newborn calves is associated with a complex pattern of increased tropoelastin and type I procollagen synthesis and deposition by smooth muscle cells in large elastic pulmonary arteries compared to normoxic controls. We examined the possibility that transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) may be(More)
BACKGROUND We recently demonstrated that inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) ameliorated severe acute lung allograft rejection. This study used a rat lung transplant model to determine (1) the time course and cellular localization of iNOS expression during the histological progression of unmodified acute rejection and (2) whether inhibition(More)
Monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary vascular injury was used to begin studying the mechanism(s) of vascular remodeling in Fischer 344 rats, using extracellular matrix (ECM) gene expression to define areas of remodeling. By day 28 after injection, pulmonary artery pressures were increased and right ventricular hypertrophy had developed compared with normal(More)
Cytokines are involved in the regulation of normal immune events and may be important in the development or perpetuation of immune events in inflammatory bowel disease. We have previously shown that normal human mononuclear cells from tonsil, spleen, and peripheral blood exhibit tissue and stimulus-specific patterns of cytokine mRNA expression. The aim of(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are characterized by disruption and degradation of the elastic media, yet the elastolytic proteinases involved and their cellular sources are undefined. We examined if 92-kD gelatinase, an elastolytic matrix metalloproteinase, participates in the pathobiology of AAA. Gelatin zymography of conditioned medium from normal,(More)
Hemodynamic factors have profound influences on blood vessels. To test the hypothesis that hemodynamic conditions modify the pattern of remodeling in response to injury, monocrotaline (MCT) injury in Sprague-Dawley rats was followed 1 week later by left pneumonectomy to increase blood flow to the right lung. Right pulmonary artery remodeling in these MCT(More)