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A previous study had established that anaerobic continuous-flow (CF) cultures of conventional mouse cecal flora were able to maintain the in vivo ecological balance among the indigenous bacterial species tested. This paper describes experiments designed to determine the mechanisms which control the population sizes of these species in such CF cultures. One(More)
Hemodynamic factors have profound influences on blood vessels. To test the hypothesis that hemodynamic conditions modify the pattern of remodeling in response to injury, monocrotaline (MCT) injury in Sprague-Dawley rats was followed 1 week later by left pneumonectomy to increase blood flow to the right lung. Right pulmonary artery remodeling in these MCT(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are characterized by disruption and degradation of the elastic media, yet the elastolytic proteinases involved and their cellular sources are undefined. We examined if 92-kD gelatinase, an elastolytic matrix metalloproteinase, participates in the pathobiology of AAA. Gelatin zymography of conditioned medium from normal,(More)
Cytokines are involved in the regulation of normal immune events and may be important in the development or perpetuation of immune events in inflammatory bowel disease. We have previously shown that normal human mononuclear cells from tonsil, spleen, and peripheral blood exhibit tissue and stimulus-specific patterns of cytokine mRNA expression. The aim of(More)
Lobar pulmonary arteries from patients with unexplained pulmonary hypertension were obtained at the time of single-lung transplantation to determine the response of large elastic vessels to increased intraluminal pressure. Specifically, human pulmonary arteries were examined to determine if remodeling remained active at the time of surgery and whether(More)
Active exogenous transforming growth factor-beta s (TGF-beta s) are potent modulators of extracellular matrix synthesis in cell culture and stimulate matrix synthesis in wounds and other remodeling tissues. The role of endogenous TGF-beta s in remodeling tissues is less well defined. Vascular remodeling in the pulmonary arteries of patients with primary(More)
Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a disease characterized pathologically by pulmonary artery medial hypertrophy, adventitial thickening, and neointimal proliferation. Increasing recognition of the importance of remodeling to the pathogenesis of PPH suggests new therapeutic possibilities, but it will be necessary to (1) identify essential mediators of(More)
Trycyclic antidepressants are often effective in the management of neuropathic pains. To elucidate the mechanism of tricyclic-induced analgesia, amitriptyline and other drugs were injected into lightly anesthetized rats either systemically or via lumbar intrathecal cannulas. Analgesia was assessed by measuring the latency of the tail flick reflex. Using(More)
OBJECTIVE Gene transfer to lung grafts may be useful in ameliorating ischemia-reperfusion injury and rejection. Efficient gene transfection to the whole organ may prove problematic. Proximal pulmonary artery endothelial transfection might provide beneficial downstream effects on the whole graft. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of(More)