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Academic dishonesty and low self‐control: An empirical test of a general theory of crime
This study uses academic dishonesty as a unique type of fraudulent behavior upon which to test Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime. The study utilizes self‐report data from a survey of
ASSESSING MESSNER AND ROSENFELD'S INSTITUTIONAL ANOMIE THEORY: A PARTIAL TEST*
In Crime and the American Dream, Messner and Rosenfeld contend that culturally and structurally produced pressures to secure monetary rewards, coupled with weak controls from noneconomic social
Social Structure and Crime Control Among Macrosocial Units
Recent research, drawing on the conflict perspective, has examined the effect of the racial/economic composition of macrosocial units on the capacity for crime control (arrest rates). The results
SOCIAL ALTRUISM AND CRIME
Drawing on the theoretical statements of Braithwaite (1989), Cullen (1994), Messner and Rosenfeld (1994), this research examines the influence of social altruism on the level of crime for a sample of
Shame, Embarrassment, and Formal Sanction Threats: Extending the Deterrence/Rational Choice Model to Academic Dishonesty
Following the lead of Harold G. Grasmick and Robert J. Bursik, the authors propose that significant others and conscience both function as agents of social control to deter illicit behavior in a
Conflict theory and police killings
Although there has been considerable interest in the homicide of law enforcement officers, there has been little systematic analysis of the effects of structural variables on police killings across
PROTESTANT FUNDAMENTALISM AND THE RETRIBUTIVE DOCTRINE OF PUNISHMENT
In Gregg v. Georgia in 1976, the U.S. Supreme Court declared that public opinion, including the public's presumed desire for retribution, can be a legitimate basis for penal policy. Subsequently, the
Individual and Contextual Effects on Stress and Job Satisfaction
In a study of personnel who work in ten New York State prisons, we examine the extent to which stress and job satisfaction are influenced by both individual and organizational-level characteristics.
Economic Inequality, Legitimacy, and Cross-National Homicide Rates
This research is concerned with explicating and modeling the causal linkages from economic inequality to homicide among nation-states. Specifically, the authors posit that the effect of economic
A Macro Social Analysis of Change in Police Force Size, 1972–1982: Controlling for Static and Dynamic Influences
Recently, Liska, Lawrence, and Benson (1981) and Greenberg, Kessler, and Loftin (1985) have examined the effects of static measures of social and economic characteristics of cities on changes in
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