Learn More
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the most common malignancy of the kidney, is refractory to standard therapy and has an incidence that continues to rise. Screening of plant extracts in search of new agents to treat RCC resulted in the discovery of englerin A (EA), a natural product exhibiting potent selective cytotoxicity against renal cancer cells. Despite the(More)
To understand the mechanism behind aberrant Akt activation in T-ALL, PIK3CA, PTEN and SHIP1 expression and genotype were assessed. No cell lines or primary ALLs harbored PIK3CA mutations. PTEN was expressed in just one-third of the cell lines, but in two-thirds of the primary ALLs, though in the inactivated (phosphorylated) form. SHIP1 was undetectable in(More)
Neuroblastoma is a common childhood tumor and accounts for 15% of pediatric cancer deaths. To investigate the microRNA (miRNA) profile and role of Dicer and Drosha in neuroblastoma, we assessed the expression of 162 human miRNAs, Dicer and Drosha in 66 neuroblastoma tumors by using real-time PCR methods. We found global downregulation of miRNA expression in(More)
Frequent deletion of chromosome 9p21 in many cancers has suggested the presence of tumor suppressor genes in this region. Two genes mapping to 9p21, p15 and p16, encode inhibitors for cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6. We recently found that in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), both the p15 and p16 genes are deleted at a high frequency, with p16(More)
The cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p16 and p18 were investigated in neuroblastoma. Only one of 19 neuroblastoma cell lines, an adriamycin-resistant variant, and none of 5 primary neuroblastoma, was deleted for p16 while its parental drug sensitive cell line is p16 intact. The region of deletion minimally extended centromeric to include p15, and(More)
In T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), p53 gene mutations were found in 12 of 51 patients in first relapse (24%). In a retrospective study, bone marrow samples at diagnosis were obtained from 9 of the 12 relapsed patients with p53 mutation; only one patient was found to harbor a p53 mutation at diagnosis. No further p53 mutations were identified in(More)
p16/p15 regulate the cell cycle pathway by inhibiting the cyclin Ds-CDK4/6 mediated phosphorylation of pRb. We reported previously that in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), p16 and p15 were frequently (approximately 70%) inactivated at the DNA level by deletion, mutation, or hypermethylation. Therefore, we hypothesize that inactivation of the(More)
Alterations of the p16 gene in neuroblastoma are very rare. Pronounced expression of p16 at both the transcript and protein levels, however, was observed in 7 of 19 (39%) neuroblastoma cell lines and 2 of 6 (33%) primary neuroblastoma samples. As p16 expression is tightly controlled in a feedback loop with Rb, we investigated the possibility that changes in(More)
Ras is an important cellular switch, relaying growth-promoting signals from the plasma membrane to the nucleus. In cultured cells, Ras is activated by various hematopoietic cytokines and growth factors, but the activation state of Ras in peripheral WBCs and bone marrow cells has not been studied nor has Ras activation been assessed in cells from patients(More)
Glutathione transferase P (GST-P) is specifically induced in rat liver and kidney by lead cation. The increase of GST-P mRNA after lead administration is blocked by actinomycin D, suggesting that GST-P production by lead is regulated at the transcriptional level. To further determine which part of the flanking region of the GST-P gene has the(More)