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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of Thymoglobulin (a rabbit-derived polyclonal antibody) to Atgam (a horse-derived polyclonal antibody) for induction in adult renal transplant recipients. METHODS Transplant recipients (n=72) were randomized 2:1 in a double-blinded fashion to receive Thymoglobulin (n=48) at 1.5 mg/kg(More)
The human cricopharyngeus muscle was investigated by dissection and by histological, histochemical and morphometric methods. Muscle fibres in the cricopharyngeus were found to be similar in appearance to those of the lateral part of the quadriceps femoris, although they were generally much smaller and more variable in size. The endomysial connective tissue(More)
1. Male rats were undernourished either during the gestational and suckling periods or for a period of time immediately following weaning. Some rats were killed at the end of the period of undernutrition; others were nutritionally rehabilitated for lengthy periods of time before examination. Two muscles, the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus (SOL)(More)
1. Genetic selection of broilers may have pushed muscle fibres to their maximum functional size constraints. Broiler (B), female great-grandparent (GGP) and layer (L) lines were weighed, blood sampled and killed from 5 to 25 weeks of age. 2. At 25 weeks, Pectoralis major (Pm) fibre size reached by the B (65.9 microm) and GGP (59.8 microm) were 1.5 times(More)
Abnormalities in muscle histology have been reported frequently for the cricopharyngeus muscle of patients with oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy, motor neuron disease and other neurological disorders in which dysphagia is a common clinical sign. However, there are few detailed reports of the normal structure of this muscle nor quantitative baseline data(More)
Variations in the gross morphology of quadriceps femoris were assessed in 40 cadavers. An additional (fifth) head was present in about one third of the limbs. Distally, fusion between vastus lateralis and vastus intermedius varied from almost complete fusion to less than one third of the interface between the muscles. Discrete tendinous laminae arising from(More)
1. The contractile properties of soleus and extensor digitorum longus muscles from animals at 12 months of age whose mothers had been undernourished during pregnancy and lactation (PU rats) have been compared with those of muscles from ge-matched controls. 2. Body-weight and muscle wet weight of PU rats was significantly reduced. Muscle:body-weight values(More)
Genetic selection of broiler chickens has led to a gross overdevelopment of the broiler breast muscle pectoralis major. This may have resulted in increased myopathy and detrimental effects on meat quality. The present study examined 3 commercial great-grandparent lines (lines A, B, and C). Lines A and B are female lines, and line C is a male line. The mean(More)
Various theories of pain are reviewed in an attempt to understand its mode of action. The therapeutic effects of a new, noninvasive form of treating pain, utilizing electrical units which selectively stimulate the sensory nerves, are discussed.PATIENTS WITH PAIN OF VARYING DEGREES OF SEVERITY AND OF MANY DIFFERENT ETIOLOGIES WERE TREATED WITH A NEW FORM OF(More)