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We recently used "functional mapping" to locate protective epitopes in the carboxyl terminus (aa 197-397) of the VP6 protein (designated CD) of the EDIM strain of murine rotavirus [J. Virol. 74 (2000) 11574]. For this, H-2(d) BALB/c mice were given two intranasal (i.n.) immunizations (separated by 2 weeks) with VP6 or CD genetically-fused to maltose-binding(More)
Although there are several reports on rotavirus inoculation of nonhuman primates, no reliable model exists. Therefore, this study was designed to develop a rhesus macaque model for rotavirus studies. The goals were to obtain a wild-type macaque rotavirus and evaluate it as a challenge virus for model studies. Once rotavirus was shown to be endemic within(More)
Mucosal immunization of mice with chimeric, Escherichia coli-expressed VP6, the protein that comprises the intermediate capsid layer of the rotavirus particle, together with attenuated E. coli heat-labile toxin LT(R192G) as an adjuvant, reduces fecal shedding of rotavirus antigen by >95% after murine rotavirus challenge, and the only lymphocytes required(More)
Intranasal (i.n.) administration of an Escherichia coli-expressed chimeric VP6 protein from the EDIM strain of murine rotavirus to adult BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice along with LT(R192G), an attenuated mutant of the mucosal adjuvant E. coli heat-labile toxin, has been found to consistently stimulate ca. 99% reductions in rotavirus shedding after subsequent EDIM(More)
Rotavirus vaccines are delivered early in life, when the immune system is immature. To determine the effects of immaturity on responses to candidate vaccines, neonatal (7 days old) and adult mice were immunized with single doses of either Escherichia coli-expressed rotavirus VP6 protein and the adjuvant LT(R192G) or live rhesus rotavirus (RRV), and(More)
The only lymphocytes required for protection against fecal rotavirus shedding after intranasal immunization of BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice with a chimeric rotavirus VP6 protein (MBPColon, two colonsVP6) and the mucosal adjuvant LT(R192G) are CD4(+) T cells. The purpose of this study was to identify CD4(+) T cell epitopes within VP6 that might be responsible for(More)
Intranasal or oral delivery of the chimeric rotavirus VP6 protein MBP::VP6 to mice elicited >90% reductions in fecal rotavirus shedding after murine rotavirus challenge. Protection depended on co-administration of adjuvants, the most effective being bacterial toxins. Because of safety and efficacy concerns following intranasal or oral toxin delivery,(More)
In 1990, we developed the adult mouse model for studies on active immunity against shedding of the EDIM strain of murine rotavirus. Low and inconsistent levels of EDIM shedding in some strains of adult mice, particularly those on C57BL/6 backgrounds, established the need for an alternative murine rotavirus strain for these studies. Fortuitously, such a(More)
Recent studies indicate the role of the micronutrient vanadium in chemoprevention in many animal models, human cancer cell lines, and also in xenografted human carcinomas of the lung, breast, and gastrointestinal tract. The present studies were undertaken to ascertain the antineoplastic potential of vanadium in a defined model of mammary carcinogenesis.(More)
Vanadium, a non-platinum group metal and dietary micronutrient, is now proving to act as a promising antitumor agent. The present study was conducted to ascertain its antineoplastic potential against an experimental mammary carcinogenesis. Female Sprague-Dawley rats, at 50 days of age, were treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) (0.5 mg/100 g(More)