Misuzu Shimakage

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Although apoptosis plays an essential role in the embryogenesis and homeostasis of multicellular organisms, this mechanism has not yet been fully clarified. We isolated a novel human apoptosis-inducing gene, ASY, which encodes an endoplasmic reticulum-targeting protein without any known apoptosis-related motifs. This gene is identical to the Nogo-B, a(More)
In searching for genes that suppress the viral transformation of primary cells, we have isolated a number of TRIF (transcript reduced in F2408) genes that are expressed well in primary rat embryo fibroblasts (REFs) but poorly in spontaneously immortalized rat fibroblast cell lines derived from REFs. One of these genes, TRIF52, is a rat homologue of the(More)
Previously, we isolated a series of cell lines from a human diploid fibroblast lineage as a model for multistep tumorigenesis in humans. After passaging a single LT-transfected fibroblast clone, differently progressed cell lines were obtained, including immortalized, anchorage-independent and tumorigenic cell lines. In the present paper, we analysed the(More)
We have previously reported that the drs gene has the ability to suppress transformation by v-src and v-K-ras in the rat cell line F2808. We have also shown that the expression of drs mRNA is markedly reduced in a variety of human cancer cell lines, suggesting that down-regulation of drs mRNA is correlated with the development of human cancers. To clarify(More)
PURPOSE Because orchitis has been described as a symptom of infectious mononucleosis which is caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a human tumor virus, we tried to ascertain the relationship between EBV and testicular tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixteen seminomas, 11 embryonal carcinomas and 25 nonmalignant control testes were examined for persistence(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) persists in the epithelial cells of oral mucosa and often replicates on them. EBV is known to be a causative agent of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. We suspect that EBV may be associated with oral cancers, and thus examined EBV expression on 28 tongues and 9 other oral cancers. We also examined 6 metastatic lesions in the lymph nodes.(More)
We have previously reported that the drs gene, whose mRNA expression is down-regulated by retroviral oncogenes such as v-src and v-K-ras, has the ability to suppress transformation by v-src and v-K-ras in the rat cell line F2408. We have also isolated a human homolog of this gene (h-drs) and shown that expression of h-drs mRNA is markedly reduced in a(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 2 (EBNA2) gene is thought to be important for transformation by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), but the mechanism of this transformation is little understood. Here, to examine the transforming ability of EBNA2, we transfected a rat fibroblast cell line F2408 with a recombinant EBNA2 expression plasmid and examined cell(More)
Unlike other herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has not yet been shown to infect macrophages. Six macrophage cultures were isolated from normal and affected samples. Nested polymerase chain reaction revealed the existence of the EBV genome in all these macrophages. EBV latent genes expression in all cultures were detected by mRNA in situ hybridization(More)
To elucidate a causative role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) for cervical cancer, presence and expression of EBV genes were examined in 31 cervical carcinomas (ICC), 23 cervical intraepithelial neoplasias (CIN), and 35 normal cervices (NCX). In reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis, EBER-1 mRNAwas expressed in 74% (23/31) of ICC,(More)