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The ends of chromosomes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae initiate a repressive chromatin structure that spreads internally and inhibits the transcription of nearby genes, a phenomenon termed telomeric silencing. To investigate the molecular basis of this process, we carried out a genetic screen to identify genes whose overexpression disrupts telomeric silencing.(More)
High-dose aspirin therapy for rheumatoid arthritis is frequently associated with severe gastrointestinal injury. To explore the possibility of reversing such damage, we conducted a double-blind, multicenter study with misoprostol, a prostaglandin E1 analog, which has demonstrated mucosal protective, gastric antisecretory, and ulcer healing properties. We(More)
Sleep-disordered breathing may occur in a wide variety of neuromuscular syndromes, and may present with diverse, often isolated, symptoms or findings such as excessive daytime sleepiness, pulmonary hypertension, congestive heart failure, morning headaches, or hypoxia-induced nocturnal seizures. The authors report two sisters with congenital muscular(More)
The laryngeal chemoreflex (LCR) is a brain stem-mediated response that is a potential mechanism for sudden infant death syndrome. The vast majority of sudden infant death occurs during sleep, yet it remains to be established whether there is a particular sleep state that makes an infant animal more susceptible to apneic events via the LCR. The purpose of(More)
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a chemically induced, genetic myopathy characterized by metabolic and respiratory acidosis, arrhythmias, hyperpyrexia, and muscular rigidity usually occurring during or within 24 hours postanesthesia. It is initiated by some anesthetic drugs, muscle relaxants, and possibly by catecholamines produced by stress. The incidence of(More)
Malignant hyperthermia is a dominantly inherited, usually subclinical, disease that occurs in individuals who have an underlying muscular disorder and connotes the gravest possible consequences. When it occurs, it is usually during the use of muscle relaxants in anesthesia and potent anesthetic agents such as halothane. Patients at risk must be identified(More)
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