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Degradation of type I collagen, the most abundant collagen, is initiated by collagenase cleavage at a highly conserved site between Gly775 and Ile776 of the alpha 1 (I) chain. Mutations at or around this site render type I collagen resistant to collagenase digestion in vitro. We show here that mice carrying a collagenase-resistant mutant Col1a-1 transgene(More)
Vertebrate collagenases, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), cleave type I collagen at a single helical locus. We show here that rodent interstitial collagenases (MMP-13), but not human fibroblast collagenase (MMP-1), cleave type I collagen at an additional aminotelopeptide locus. Collagenase cDNAs and chimeric constructs in pET-3d, juxtaposing MMP-13(More)
Reduced expression and activity of the proapoptotic, double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase, PKR (protein kinase R) is observed in breast, lung and various leukemias, suggesting that loss of PKR potentiates transformation. Now we report that decreased PKR activity inhibits chemotherapy-induced apoptosis of leukemia cells both in vitro and in vivo.(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that synaptic dysfunction is a core pathophysiological hallmark of neurodegenerative disorders. Brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is key synaptogenic molecule and targeting synaptic repair through modulation of BDNF signalling has been suggested as a potential drug discovery strategy. The development of such "synaptogenic"(More)
The influence of geographic range on species persistence has long been of interest and there is a need for a better understanding of the genetic consequences for species with restricted distributions, particularly with the increasing rate of global species extinctions. However, the genetic effects of restricted range are often confounded by the impacts of(More)
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