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OBJECTIVES We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients. METHODS We collected reports from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science, along with references cited therein. We included prospective, randomized studies on systemic(More)
Adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is an aggressive mature T cell malignancy that is causally associated with human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection. The HTLV-1 regulatory protein Tax aggressively accelerates the proliferation of host cells and is also an important target antigen for CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells (CTLs). We previously(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) is a ligand-dependent transcription factor that belongs to the family of nuclear receptors, and its activity is regulated by numerous AR coregulators. AR plays an important role in prostate development and cancer. In this study, we found that TRIM24/transcriptional intermediary factor 1alpha (TIF1alpha), which is known as a(More)
Limited data are available on prophylaxis for herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) disease following autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HCT). We retrospectively reviewed the clinical charts of 105 consecutive patients who underwent their first auto-HCT at our institution between September 2007 and June 2014.(More)
We retrospectively analyzed very early chimerism before and ongoing neutrophil engraftment (days 7, 14, 21, 28) and investigated the influence of conditioning regimens and stem cell sources on donor-type chimerism in 59 Japanese patients who had received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The percentage of donor-type chimerism increased(More)
The prognosis of patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is very poor. To improve survival rates, we attempted to intensify the conditioning regimen with daunorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone, medium-dose etoposide, cyclophosphamide, and total body irradiation(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the prophylactic role of long-term ultra-low-dose acyclovir for varicella zoster virus (VZV) disease after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS We evaluated 141 patients who were planned to receive acyclovir at 200mg/day until the end of immunosuppressive therapy and for at least 1 year after HSCT in(More)
Monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a useful way for assessing treatment response and relapse. We studied the value of MRD and showed a correlation with relapse for 34 adult patients with ALL. MRD was evaluated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) with probes derived from(More)
Recently, a growing body of evidence has suggested that adiponectin, which is secreted by adipose tissues, plays a critical role in obesity-related and autoimmune diseases. We compared the concentrations of adiponectin among 26 normal subjects and 34 allogeneic stem cell transplantation recipients. The concentrations of adiponectin were significantly higher(More)
The cytolytic activity of cells expressing natural killer cell receptors (NKRs) depends on the balance between stimulatory and inhibitory signals. We investigated both inhibitory NK receptor (CD94/NKG2A) expression and stimulatory NKR (NKG2D) expression on T cells after stimulation with cytokines (IL-12 or IL-15). Cytolytic NKR-expressing CD8+ T cells were(More)